Simple Surveying Techniques
- John Simon and
- Jason E. McIlwee
Measurement of the spatial relationship between features or points is commonly needed, whether the project is designing a septic system, recording the relative locations of research soil pits, or locating monitoring wells or piezometers relative to property corners, existing structures, or other features. While laser systems and satellite-based global positioning systems (GPS) now provide high levels of accuracy in three dimensions and are highly efficient for large numbers of data points in open spaces, sometimes there is no substitute for measurement with an engineer's level or clinometer and a measuring tape. The primary purpose of this discussion is to explain how to use simple tools to measure the location of features in a reproducible manner.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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