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Book: Challenges and Strategies of Dryland Agriculture
Published by: Crop Science Society of America and American Society of Agronomy

 

This chapter in CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES OF DRYLAND AGRICULTURE

  1.  p. 229-242
    CSSA Special Publication 32.
    Challenges and Strategies of Dryland Agriculture

    Srinivas C. Rao and John Ryan (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-611-3

     

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doi:10.2135/cssaspecpub32.c15

Cool-Season Grain Legumes Production and Rhizobial Interactions in Australian Dryland Agriculture

  1. Jo Slattery,
  2. Kadambot H. M. Siddique and
  3. John Howieson
  1. Rutherglen Research Institute, Rutherglen, Victoria, Australia
    The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia

Abstract

In this chapter we review recent advances in cool-season pulse production in Australia and how rhizobial, soil, and environmental factors impact on productivity. Nationally, pulse production has continued to increase to about 2 × 106 t yr−1, but in recent years the capacity for nitrogen (N2) fixation has been limited, especially due to insufficient moisture in 2002 and through the emergence of Ascochyta blight in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) crops across southern Australia, in addition to abiotic factors such as extremes in soil pH (highly acidic or alkaline soils), temperature, soil moisture, nutrients, and chemical residues have a significant impact on N2 fixation and pulse production in Australia.

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