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Book: Challenges and Strategies of Dryland Agriculture
Published by: Crop Science Society of America and American Society of Agronomy

 

This chapter in CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES OF DRYLAND AGRICULTURE

  1.  p. 93-111
    CSSA Special Publication 32.
    Challenges and Strategies of Dryland Agriculture

    Srinivas C. Rao and John Ryan (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-611-3

     

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doi:10.2135/cssaspecpub32.c7

Drought Early Warning Systems for the Near East

  1. Eddy De Pauw
  1. ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria

Abstract

The Near East is a region with a high degree of aridity, and is subject to frequent droughts. Agriculture is a major and sensitive sector of the region's economy, consuming most of the available water resources. Agricultural production of major grain crops is strongly affected by precipitation fluctuations. The response of the region's governments to drought has so far aimed at mitigating the worst effects of drought rather than treat it as a structural problem that can be incorporated in government policy and long-term management plans. The governments of the region are in the process of developing comprehensive dryland management strategies, in which drought monitoring systems are an important component. Important issues to be addressed are the institutional arrangements to ensure free information flow, as well as the linkages between monitoring and rapid response action at different decision-making levels. Particular drought research needs include the feasibility of drought forecasting, the characterization and spatialization of drought, and the assessment of drought vulnerability from the agroecological and livelihood perspectives.

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