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Book: International Germplasm Transfer: Past and Present
Published by: Crop Science Society of America and American Society of Agronomy

 

This chapter in INTERNATIONAL GERMPLASM TRANSFER: PAST AND PRESENT

  1.  p. 183-191
    cssa special publication 23.
    International Germplasm Transfer: Past and Present

    Ronny R. Duncan (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-602-1

     
    Published: 1995


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doi:10.2135/cssaspecpub23.c14

International Activities in Beta Germplasm

  1. Devon L. Doney
  1. USDA-ARS, Northern Crop Science Laboratory Fargo, North Dakota

Abstract

Abstract

Sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.), a cultivated crop for <200 years, supplies =40% of the world's sugar. About 35% of the U.S. sugar consumption is beet sugar. Since the introduction of sugarbeet into the USA (late 1800s), U.S. producers and breeders have relied on imported germplasm. Wild forms of beet are found at isolated locations in the Middle-Eastern countries, along the shores of the Mediterranean and North Atlantic, and the mountains of Turkey, Iran, and the Caucasus. Earlier workers recognized the value of the vast array of wild Beta germplasm; and, in addition to numerous seed exchanges, made several collection expeditions. Unfortunately, some of this germplasm was lost. Recent efforts by the U.S. Sugarbeet Crop Germplasm Committee (CGC) and the World Beta Network have made significant progress in the collection, preservation, evaluation, and use of Beta germplasm. Since wild genetic resources involve many countries, international cooperation in preserving and using these valuable resources is imperative. The Sugarbeet CGC has played a pivotal role in international and World Beta Network activities and is considered the world leader in Beta germplasm activities.

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Copyright © 1995. Copyright © 1995 by the American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Crop Science Society of America, Inc., 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA