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Book: International Germplasm Transfer: Past and Present
Published by: Crop Science Society of America and American Society of Agronomy

 

This chapter in INTERNATIONAL GERMPLASM TRANSFER: PAST AND PRESENT

  1.  p. 193-206
    CSSA Special Publication 23.
    International Germplasm Transfer: Past and Present

    Ronny R. Duncan (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-602-1

     

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doi:10.2135/cssaspecpub23.c15

International Activities in Sunflower Germplasm

  1. Gerald J. Seiler
  1. USDA ARS, Northern Crop Science Laboratory Fargo, North Dakota

Abstract

Abstract

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is an international crop grown on 16 million ha in 50 countries. Use as an oilseed crop is relatively recent compared to many other crop species. As a recent crop, it does not have an international center to coordinate worldwide germplasm activities. Present international germplasm activities center around the need to increase useful genetic variability for plant breeding and genetics. Germplasm activities have been coordinated by large international organizations such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, and the International Plant Genetic Resource Institute (IPGRI), Rome, Italy. Sunflower researchers have recognized the need to collaborate beyond national boundaries in order to safeguard sunflower. The ultimate goal in germplasm resource conservation is to establish a global network. The sunflower industry will benefit from the establishment of a global sunflower network by enhancing exchange of information and breeding stocks and the accessibility of research results for incorporation into breeding and production programs. Sunflower production will benefit worldwide with improved sunflower hybrids of high quality, stable performance, and minimum genetic vulnerability.

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Copyright © 1995. Copyright © 1995 by the American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Crop Science Society of America, Inc., 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA