Soils in Alluvial Sequences: Some Archaeological Implications
- J. E. Foss,
- R. J. Lewis and
- M. E. Timpson
Soils in alluvial valleys are of interest in pedo-archaeological studies in developing the environmental history of a site. Although complex soil formation processes exist in alluvial valleys, some general approaches appear to provide a basis for developing Quaternary history and providing information to archaeologists for excavation strategies. Our investigations of alluvial systems have focused on the following: (i) identification of Quaternary or older surfaces; (ii) study of stream migration patterns; (iii) detailed morphological descriptions of soils on typical landscape units, such as flood plains, flood chutes, levees, and terraces; (iv) dating by 14C, diagnostic artifacts, and soil morphology; (v) laboratory analyses, e.g., particle-size distribution and elemental analysis; and (vi) using a team approach in the interpretation phase. Although each alluvial system requires individual analyses and interpretation, several model systems developed may aid in understanding alluvial soil-landscape sequences.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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