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Book: Carbon Forms and Functions in Forest Soils
Published by: Soil Science Society of America

 

 

This chapter in CARBON FORMS AND FUNCTIONS IN FOREST SOILS

  1.  p. i-xix
     
    Carbon Forms and Functions in Forest Soils

    William W. McFee and J. Michael Kelly (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-869-8

    OPEN ACCESS
     
    Published: 1995


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doi:10.2136/1995.carbonforms.frontmatter

Front Matter

Dedication

Charles (Chuck) B. Davey, Professor Emeritus, North Carolina State University, has had a distinguished career in forest soils. Since receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin in 1955, he has directed the work of 50 some graduate students, been named outstanding teacher, served as President of the Soil Science Society of America, been consultant to forestry organizations in ten countries, produced over 120 refereed publications and been a prominent leader among forest soil scientists. We are proud to dedicate this volume to an effective educator, distinguished scientist, and esteemed colleague.

 

Foreword

There is a renewed public awareness of the importance of forests and forest lands for agriforestry, biodiversity, ecosystem management, global climatic change, resource conservation, timber production, wildlife habitat, recreation, and sustainability of the biosphere. The balance between societal needs and utilization of forest resources is a continuing public debate. This publication serves a critical niche in capturing the state of knowledge on forest soils relative to several of the above national and international priorities. It targets organic matter and the role of carbon and nitrogen cycling as driving functions of forest ecosystems. Further, the publication forges a bridge and continued synergistic interaction among forest science professionals of North America.

The sponsors, editors, and authors are to be commended for their individual and collective efforts in bringing this publication to fruition. It provides a valuable treatise at a time when the public mandates increased sensitivity and attention to sustainability of the biosphere.

LARRY P. WILDING, President

Soil Science Society of America

Preface

Forest productivity and the factors which influence it have been the underlying theme uniting the seven previous North American Forest Soil Conferences which have occurred at 5-year intervals since the series was initiated in 1958. While that theme continues into this eighth conference, the focus has been directed to the single factor that in many ways describes, defines, and delineates the study of forest soils as a unique niche in the broader continuum of soil science.

In their preface to the proceedings of the third North American Forest Soils Conference C. T. Youngberg and C.B. Davey noted that “the growth of the tree and the productivity of the forest are directly affected by the quantity, quality and location of the soil.” Soil carbon in its myriad forms, perhaps as no other factor, influences soil-plant relationships through its direct and indirect impacts on mineral solubility, exchange capacity, nutrient availability, moisture supply, aggregate formation, and soil erosion. Hans Jenny, in his classic equation describing the factors of soil formation, placed organic matter in a pivotal role in the development of the soil and soil properties as well as the succession of associated plant communities.

Since the previous conference many changes in our approach to the management and preservation of the forest resource have occurred. Most significant of these developments has been the growing emphasis placed on understanding and manipulating forests as ecological units. Paralleling and to some extent driving this move toward an ecological focus has been the renewed realization of the important and dynamic nature of the interaction between the physical and biological resources. The role of forest soils, as well as the aboveground portion of the forest, as significant buffers against the impacts of anthropogenic activities on atmospheric carbon dioxide and the earth's energy balance has driven home the necessity of continuing to develop and refine our knowledge of the interactions of soils, plants, and the environment in which they exist.

Three generations of forest soil scientists have now contributed to these volumes. During that time our knowledge has continued to expand and gain clearer focus. These gains have been the result of the collective work and interaction of the individual researcher and the peer community. Each of us has played a role in this procession and realizing that there is much yet to be done, it seems only appropriate that we collect our thoughts at these five year intervals and celebrate our accomplishments.

Contributors

H.L. Allen, Department of Forestry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

Michael Aloi, Research Assistant, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244-1190

J.A. Baldock, Research Scientist, Canadian Forest Service, Petawawa National Forestry Institute, Chalk River, Ontario, Canada K0J 1J0

Paul M. Bertsch, Associate Professor, Soil Physical Chemistry, Division of Biogeochemistry, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29802

G. Bonani, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland

Alex F. Bouwman, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, Bilthoven, the Netherlands

Donna K. Brandt, Research Agronomist, Rose Lake Plant Materials Center, USDA-SCS, East Lansing, MI 48823

Bryant A. Browne, Assistant Professor of Soil and Water Resources, College of Natural Resources, University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, WI 54481

M.M. Carreiro, Assistant Professor, Louis Calder Center, Fordham University, Armonk, NY 10504

Robert F. Chandler, Jr., Director, Emeritus, International Rice Research Institute, Clermont, FL 34711

Dale W. Cole, Professor of Forest Soils, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

Jana E. Compton, Research Assistant, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98185; current position and address is Research Associate, Harvard Forest, Harvard University, Petersham, MA 01366

Mark B. David, Associate Professor of Forest Soils, Department of Forestry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801

L.E. deMontigny, Research Silviculturalist, Research Branch, Ministry of Forests, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3E7

Charles T. Driscoll, Distinguished Professor of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244-1190

J.K. Dunscomb, School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0328

R.L. Edmonds, Professor, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

B.H. Ellert, Research Scientist, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada T1J 4B1

Timothy J. Fahey, Associate Professor, Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853

Richard F. Fisher, Professor of Forest Soils, Forest Science Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845-2135

Neil W. Foster, Research Scientist, Canadian Forest Service, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada P6A 5M7

Thomas R. Fox, Forest Research Group Leader, Forest Research Center, Rayonier, Inc., Yulee,FL 32097

Margaret R. Gale, Associate Professor, School of Forestry and Wood Products, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931

E.G. Gregorich, Research Scientist, Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0C6

Noam Gressel, Graduate Student Researcher, Environmental Science, Policy and Management Department, Division of Ecosystem Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720

Peter M. Groffman, Associate Scientist, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY 12545

R. David Hammer, Associate Professor of Soil Science, School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211

Robert B. Harrison, Associate Professor of Soil Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

K. Harrison, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027

Paul W. Hazlett, Research Assistant, Canadian Forest Service, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada P6A 5M7

P.R. Heine, School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0328

Gray S. Henderson, Professor of Forest Soils, School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211

Charles L. Henry, Research Assistant Professor of Forest Soils, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

Bruce E. Herbert, Assistant Professor of Environmental Geochemistry, Department of Geology & Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843

Gary D. Hogan, Research Scientist, Canadian Forest Service, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada P6A 5M7

Peter S. Homann, Research Associate, Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-7501

Jeffrey W. Hughes, Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405

Chris E. Johnson, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244

Dale W. Johnson, Assistant Professor, Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, Reno NV 89506; and Environmental Resource Science, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 98512

Martin F. Jurgensen, Professor of Forest Soils, School of Forestry and Wood Products, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931

P.R. Kapeluck, Research Forester, Department of Forest Resources, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-1003

Rodney J. Keenan, Senior Research Scientist, Queensland Forest Research Institute, Department of Primary Industries, Atherton, Australia

J. Michael Kelly, Senior Technical Specialist, Tennessee Valley Authority, Norris, TN 37828

J.P. (Hamish) Kimmins, Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4

Anna J. Krzyszowska, Research Scientist, Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071

Rik Leemans, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, Bilthoven, the Netherlands

D. Markewitz, School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, 27708-0328

John G. McColI, Professor, Environmental Science, Policy, and Management Department, Division of Ecosystem Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720

Mark J. McDonnell, Director, Bartlett Arboretum, University of Connecticut, Stamford, CT 06903

William W. McFee, Professor, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907

James W. McLaughlin, Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, ME 14469

Kimberly E. Medley, Assistant Professor of Geography, Department of Geography, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056

Ian K. Morrison, Research Scientist, Canadian Forest Service, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada, P6A 5M7

Richard J. Norby, Research Scientist, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6034

E.G. O'Neill, Research Scientist, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6034

Melissa M. Parker, Conservation Scientist, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Nacogdoches, TX 75962

Robert W. Parmelee, Research Scientist, Department of Entomology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210

John Pastor, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN

S.T.A. Pickett, Scientist, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY 12545

Richard V. Pouyat, Research Forester, USDA-FS, NEFES, c/o Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY 12545

Robert F. Powers, Principal Research Silviculturalist, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA-FS, Redding, CA 96001

Cindy E. Prescott, Research Associate, Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4

C.M. Preston, Research Scientist, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, BC, Canada V82 1M5

D.D. Richter, Professor, School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0328

Gregory A. Ruark, Research Administrator, USDA-FS, Washington, DC 20250

Maria I. Salerno, Research Assistant, Convenio Ministeries de Asuntas Agrarios, Universidad Nacional de la Plata, La Plata, Argentina

Felipe G. Sanchez, Research Chemist, USDA-FS, SEFES, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

Robert C. Santore, Research Assistant, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Syracuse, NY 13244-1190

Thomas G. Siccama, Lecturer and Director of Field Studies, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511

A. Stuanes, Norwegian Forest Research Institute, AAS-NLH, Norway

Carl C. Trettin, Research Soil Scientist, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6038, current address is Center for Forested Wetlands Research, 2730 Savannah Hwy., Charleston, SC 29414

Ranjith P. Udawatta, Graduate Research Assistant, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211

B. Urrego, Department of Forestry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

George F. Vance, Associate Professor of Soil Chemistry, Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071

Keith Van Cleve, Professor of Forest Soils, Forest Soils Laboratory, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK 99775

D.H. Van Lear, Bowen Professor of Forestry, Department of Forest Resources, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-1003

Helga Van Miegroet, Assistant Professor of Wetland Soils and Biogeochemical Cycling, Department of Forest Resources, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322-5215

Gordon F. Weetman, Professor of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4

C.G. Wells, Southeastern Forest Experimental Station, USDA-FS, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

Stan D. Wullschleger, Research Scientist, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6034

Dongsen Xue, Research Associate, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

W.C. Zipperer, Research Forester, USDA-FS, Syracuse, NY 13210

 

Footnotes


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