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Book: Compilation of North American Maize Breeding Germplasm
Published by: Crop Science Society of America

 

 

This chapter in COMPILATION OF NORTH AMERICAN MAIZE BREEDING GERMPLASM

  1.  p. I-XVI
     
    Compilation of North American Maize Breeding Germplasm

    J. T. Gerdes, C. F. Behr, J. G. Coors and W. F. Tracy (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-575-8

    unlockOPEN ACCESS
     

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doi:10.2135/1993.compilationofnorthamerican.frontmatter

Front Matter

    1. Department of Agronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Corn Improvement Conference, Ohio State Univ., Columbus, Ohio, ca. 1935 Left to right: standing, G.H. Stringfield, M.T. Meyers, G.F. Sprague, J.F. Trots, G.M. Smith, R.R. St. John, F.D. Richey, A.A. Bryan, A.M. Brunson, Neil Stevens, R. Salter, and C.G. Williams; kneeling, Boyd Frye, P.E. Hoppe, R.W. Jugenheimer, J.R. Holbert, M.T. Jenkins, J.D. Sayre, and V. Morris

 

Corn Improvement Conference, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, Indiana, ca. 1940 Left to right: front row, unknown, R.D. Lewis, Gene Auchter, F.D. Richey, R.W. Jugenheimer, J.R. Holbert, A.A. Bryan, M.T. Meyers, R.W. Sampson, and unknown; second row, unknown, Neil Stevens, M.T. Jenkins, M.M. Rhoades, T.A. Kisselbach, unknown, J.B. Park, Seveking, Kraybill, and Boyd Frye; third row, M.O. Pence, R.A. Brink, A.M. Brunson, P.E. Hoppe, G.F. Sprague, Aamodt, Tucker, Green, J.F. Trost, and Vince Morris; fourth row, unknown, J.G. Dickson, C.R. Burnham, G.H. Stringfield, R.R. St. John, G.N. Hoffer. L.J. Stadler, and G.M. Smith

 

Photographs supplied by Dr. David D. Alvey, FFR Cooperative, West Lafayette, Indiana

Not one man in a thousand has accuracy of eye and judgment sufficient to become an eminent breeder. If gifted with these qualities, and he studies his subject for years, and devotes his lifetime to it with indomitable perseverance, he will succeed, and may make great improvements; if he wants any one of these qualities he will assuredly fail.

Charles Darwin, 1859. The Origin of Species.

Foreword

Maize is the most important crop plant in the Western Hemisphere and among the the top three food plants world wide. In addition to its efficiency in providing energy to a hungry world it is unsurpassed in its versatility. Specific types of maize are popular as vegetables and snackfoods, while others have myriad industrial uses. Maize is an important organism for fundamental research, especially in the fields of genetics, cytogenetics, quantitative genetics, and molecular biology. Researchers in all these areas often need to know the pedigrees of the particular strains with which they are working. However, such information is scattered, fragmentary, and often inaccessible. Hybrid maize and the development of inbreds are relatively recent technologies. The maize breeders who developed first cycle inbreds and recall the widespread use of open-pollinated varieties have acted as historians. As that generation passes the need for a written record has become clear.

This compilation is an attempt to bring together available pedigree information and to provide references for each pedigree. Many of the pedigrees in this volume have been found by searching through Experiment Station bulletins, mimeos, and memoranda, minutes of regional maize breeding meetings, and other written documentation. Other pedigrees are from the records of plant breeders who were asked to review certain sections. Thus, some of the references will be inaccessible to many readers, but the inclusion of these provides a historical record. Given the nature of the literature search it is inevitable that some inbreds or populations have not been included, and we would like to hear from you if you have useful records for future revisions.

Acknowledgments

We thank all the maize breeders who took the time to edit and revise the relevant sections, in many cases the amount of effort contributed was substantial. We also wish to express our extreme gratitude to those, who over the years have, carefully compiled and recorded the pedigrees of maize germplasm, most especially Clarion Henderson of Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc., Champaign, IL, and the authors of the Seedsman's Handbook at Mike Brayton Seeds, Inc., Ames, IA.

This is Not a Seed Catalog

THIS PUBLICATION IS A HISTORICAL RECORD OF PEDIGREES AND ORIGINS OF MAIZE GERMPLASM. MANY OF THE LINES AND POPULATIONS LISTED HEREIN ARE EXTINCT. MOST OF THE LINES OR SYNTHETICS WITH A CROP SCIENCE CITATION MAY BE AVAILABLE FROM THE USDA NORTH CENTRAL PLANT INTRODUCTION STATION IN AMES, IA.

Inbred Line Designations

Many states and companies have used several different letters to name inbred lines. This table alphabetically lists designations and organizations that have have used each designation.


Designation State or Company
A Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Tennessee
Ag Ag Alumni
AKd Arkansas
AR Arkansas, Illinois
AY New York
B Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Michigan, N. Dakota
Ba Georgia
BB Michigan, Nebraska
Bl Iowa
Br Illinois
BS Kansas
C Connecticut, Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota
CB Black, Brandon (Canada), Cornelius, Kansas
CC Wisconsin
CD Callahan
CG Guelph (Canada)
CH Harrow (Canada)
C.I. USDA
CI Iowa
CK Winnipeg (Canada)
CL Lethbridge (Canada)
CM Morden (Canada)
CMD Minnesota
CMV Minnesota
CO Ottawa (Canada)
CQ Quebec (Canada)
Cr Louisiana
CR Wisconsin
CRS Crookham
CSJ L'Assomption (Canada)
D Illinois, Louisiana, Michigan,
DA Ainsworth
DE Delaware
DF Downing
DI Downing
DM Downing
F Florida, Montpellier (France), Perronne (France), Wisconsin
Fe Indiana
FR Illinois Foundation Seeds Inc.
G Missouri
GA Georgia
GE Georgia
GK Iowa
GR Nebraska
GT Georgia
H Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota
HG Kansas
Hi Hawaii
Hy Illinois
I Iowa
Ia Iowa
IK North Dakota
ITE Iowa
J Missouri, Tennessee
JS Mississippi
K Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri
KB Iowa
KL Georgia
Ky Kentucky
Kys Kansas
KYSW Kentucky
L Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Missouri, Holden
La Iowa
Ldg Iowa
Lg Georgia
LH Holden
LHE Holden
Lo Italy
M Colorado, Illinois, Wisconsin
MBS Mike Brayton Seeds, Inc.
Mc Iowa
Mich Michigan
Mid Kansas
Mo Missouri
Mp Mississippi, Missouri
MS Michigan
Mt Minnesota
Mw Georgia
N Colorado, Nebraska
NC North Carolina
NCG North Carolina
ND North Dakota
Np Georgia
NY New York
OF Ohio Foundation Seeds, Inc.
Oh Ohio
Ok Oklahoma
Os Iowa
Osf Iowa
P Indiana, Michigan
Pa Pennsylvania
PaW Pennsylvania
Pd Georgia
Pr Indiana, Iowa
PS Kansas
R Colorado, Illinois, Missouri, Black
RB Illinois
RH Illinois
RN Illinois
RVa Illinois
S Mississippi
SC South Carolina
SD South Dakota
SDp South Dakota
SE Iowa
SK Iowa, Nebraska
SS Nebraska
T Indiana, Tennessee
Tr Indiana
Tx Texas
US Iowa
Va Virginia
W Louisiana, Wisconsin
WC Wisconsin
WC Iowa, Wisconsin
WD Iowa, Wisconsin
We Wisconsin
Wf Indiana
WF Wisconsin
Wh Georgia
WH Wisconsin
WJ Wisconsin
WM Wisconsin
WR Wisconsin
WS Wisconsin
YS Kansas

Abbreviations

SWCB, southwestern corn borer;

br2, brachytic2;

fl2, floury2;

MDM, maize dwarf mosaic virus;

Rf, restorer of male fertility;

OP, open-pollinated;

wx, waxy;

BC, backcross;

IITA, International Institute for Tropical Agriculture;

Ht1, resistance to Helminthosporium turcicum;

TMS, Texas-cytoplasmic male sterility;

Ig1, liguleless1;

Ig2, liguleless2;

ms1, male sterility1;

ms2, male sterility2;

ms10, male sterility10;

o2, opaque2;

rhm, resistance to Helminthosporium maydis;

ae, amylose extender;

Rpp, resistance to Puccinia polysora;

su2, sugary2;

Rp, resistance to Puccinia sorghi;

Ga-s, gametophyte factory;

y, white endosperm, du, dull;

fl1, floury1;

h, soft starch;

sh1, shrunken1;

sh2, shrunken2;

su1, sugary1;

bt1, brittle1;

bt2, brittle2;

cms, cytoplasmic male sterility;

ECB, European corn borer;

CEW, corn earworm;

CIMMYT, International Center for Maize and Wheat Improvement;

GLS, gray leaf spot;

No., number;

tu, tunicate;

A, anthocyanin;

B, colored plant;

PI, purple plant;

Og, old gold stripe;

R, colored;

 

Footnotes


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