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Book: Dryland Agriculture
Published by: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America



  1.  p. i-xxi
    Agronomy Monograph 23.
    Dryland Agriculture

    Gary A. Peterson, Paul W. Unger and William A. Payne (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-265-8

    unlockOPEN ACCESS
    Published: October 24, 2012

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Front Matter


This is an outstanding book on a subject that is complex and commands the attention of some of the most creative researchers in agronomy, crop, soil science, and related disciplines. The authors contributing to the current edition of Agronomy Monograph 23, Dryland Agriculture, represent the best scientists who are at the forefront of researching this multifaceted subject. The authors' diverse scientific backgrounds in dryland agriculture provide you, the reader, with a wide range of perspectives and a great depth of understanding on the intricate issues associated with dryland agriculture. Their expertise is shared in this excellent monograph, which is sure to be a valuable research and teaching reference for use by students, research scientists, and many others throughout the world who are concerned with the challenges associated with maximizing agricultural productivity and profits in regions of limited precipitation.

This edition of Dryland Agriculture covers a wide array of subjects, ranging from presentation of the current understanding of the important fundamental plant and soil issues associated with dryland agriculture to a presentation of important management strategies that can minimize production hazards found in crop and livestock systems cultivated under dryland conditions. Hopefully one of the outcomes of this monograph would be to stimulate expanded efforts to continue to research complex issues associated with producing crops and livestock under very challenging conditions associated with dryland agriculture.

We certainly appreciate the efforts of the editors, Drs. Gary A. Peterson, Paul W. Unger, and William A. Payne who skillfully guided the development of this book. The editors, along with the high quality authors provide a truly excellent book, one in which the American Society of Agronomy, the Crop Science Society of America, and the Soil Science Society of America can be justly proud. We hope that you find this book to be a valuable asset to your increased understanding of dryland agriculture and that it stimulates further scientific inquiries into this important worldwide subject.

David A. Sleper, President of the American Society of Agronomy, 2006

Steven L. Fales, President of the Crop Science Society of America, 2006

Mary E. Collins, President of the Soil Science Society of American, 2006


The editors of the original Dryland Monograph published in 1983 commented that, “Dryland agriculture is a dynamic and highly complex system in which the major limitation on food and fiber production is a deficiency of water.” This assessment remains valid for the 21st century, and in fact dryland agriculture is of more consequence now than then because the world's dependence on food produced in dryland areas is even greater. In recognition of this, and the fact that global food supply is increasingly interconnected, this volume takes a world view of dryland production continent by continent, whereas the original monograph had a regional theme focused only on North American dryland farming. The initial chapters of the monograph address the principles that underlie all dryland farming. H.E. Dregne and W.O. Willis, editors of the original dryland monograph, pointed out the value of the principles most succinctly: “these principles underlie the practices that provide the common thread that unites the science and art of dryland farming. Success depends on adapting the principles to the particular environment.” Obviously the principles set forth in the initial chapters are the basis for the following chapters that address dryland farming issues around the world. Chapter authors were chosen based on their expertise for their particular discipline and/or region.

Special thanks are due the other members of the Editorial Committee, who guided preparation of the monograph: Drs. R.L. Anderson, R.L. Baumhardt, M. Lindstrom, and P. Rasmussen. Deep appreciation is expressed to the authors for their forbearance during this long process and for so graciously tolerating the multiple delays that have occurred. Special appreciation is expressed to Sherri Mickelson, for her friendly, prompt, and thorough copyediting that brought this volume to completion.

Gary A. Peterson, Editor

Colorado State University

Fort Collins, CO

Paul W. Unger, Editor


Bushland, TX

William A. Payne, Editor

Texas A&M University

Bushland, TX


Randy L. Anderson, Research Agronomist, USDA-ARS, 2923 Medary Avenue, Brookings, SD 57006. (randerson@ngirl.ars.usda.gov)

Wal K. Anderson, Principal Agronomist, Cropping Systems, Western Australia Department of Agriculture, Albany, WA 6330, Australia

Karen L. Bailey, Research Scientist, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saskatoon, SK, S7N OX2, Canada. (BaileyK@AGR.GC.CA)

R. Louis Baumhardt, Soil Scientist, USDA-ARS, Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, P.O. Drawer 10, Bushland, TX 79012. (rlbaumhardt@cprl.ars.usda.gov)

Alan R. Beswick, Senior Agro-meteorological Scientist, Queensland Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Water, 80 Meirers Road, Indooroopilly, QLD, 4068, Australia

Anne S. Bruinsma, Junior Researcher, La Ventana ASA&D, Bovenweg 30, 6721 HX, Bennekom, The Netherlands. (anne.bruinsma@gmail.com)

Daniel E. Buschiazzo, Soil Scientist, INTA Anguil, Facultad de Agronomía-UNL Pam, and CONICET, cc 300, 6300 Santa Rosa, Argentina. (buschiazzo@agro.unlpam.edu.ar)

Verlan Cochran, Soil Scientist, retired (USDA-ARS), Sidney, MT59270

Peter S. Cornish, Vincent Fairfax Professor of Agriculture (Farming Systems), University ofWestern Sydney, Richmond, NSW, 2753, Australia

Liovando Marciano da Costa, Professor, Viçosa Federal University, Viçosa, MG, Brazil

Joan Danielson, Economist, USDA, GIPSA Denver, CO. Formerly USDA-ARS, Northern Plains Agricultural Research Laboratory, Sidney, MT 59270

Eddy de Pauw, Agroclimatologist, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), P.O. Box 5466, Aleppo, Syria

Harold E. Dregne (deceased), International Center for Arid and Semiarid Land Studies, Texas Tech University, P.O. Box 41036, Lubbock, TX 79409

Chris C. Du Preez, Department of Soil Science, University of the Orange Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, Republic of South Africa

David M. Freebairn, Manager, Natural Resource Sciences (SouthWest), Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Water, P.O. Box 318, Toowoomba QLD 4350, Australia. (david.freebairn@qld.gov.au)

Donald W. Fryrear, Research Engineer, Custom Products and Consultants, 7204 S. Service Road, Big Spring, TX 79720

Humberto Gomez, Crop Physiologist, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Apartado Aereo 6713, Cali, Colombia

Tony (A.V.) Goodchild, Ruminant Nutritionist, 56B St. Peter's Road, Earley, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 1PH, UK. (tony.goodchild@ntlworld.com)

Cynthia A. Grant, Research Scientist, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Brandon Research Centre, Brandon, MB, R7A 5Y3 Canada. (cgrant@agr.gc.ca)

Pablo Gregorini, Researcher, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina. (pgregor@uark.edu)

Stephen O. Guy, Professor, Department of Plant, Soil, and Entomological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-2339. (sguy@idaho.edu)

Birgitte Hartwell, Research Associate, Small Ruminant Project, ICARDA, P.O. Box 5466, Aleppo, Syria. Current address: The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Department of Large Animal Science, Production and Health, Section for Tropical Animal Husbandry, Grønnegårdsvej 2, 1870 Frederiksberg C., Denmark. (bwh@kvl.dk or Birgitte@hartwells.com)

Robert Kolberg, Research Technician, USDA-ARS, Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory, Mandan, ND 58554. (KOLBERGR@mandan.ars.usda.gov)

Parviz Koohafkan, Director, Rural Development Division, Sustainable Development Department, FAO, Rome. (parviz.koohafkan@fao.org)

Rattan Lal, Professor and Director, Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210. (lal.1@osu.edu)

Shengxiu Li, Professor, Northwest Science and Technology University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, P.R. China. (li-sx@263.net)

Michael J. Lindstrom, Soil Scientist, USDA-ARS, North Central Conservation Research Laboratory, 803 Iowa Avenue, Morris, MN 56267. (lindstrom@morris.ars.usda.gov)

Alfredo Scheid Lopes, Professor, Lavras Federal University, Lavras, MG, Brazil

Perry Miller, Associate Professor-Cropping Systems, Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717-3120. (pmiller@montana.edu)

Rachid Mrabet, Formerly Tillage and Conservation Specialist, Aridoculture Center (INRA), B.P. 589, Settat, Morocco. Currently Meknes Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 578, Meknes 5000, Morocco

Robert I. Papendick, Supervisory Soil Scientist (retired), USDA-ARS, Pullman, WA. (papendick@wsu.edu)

William A. Payne, Professor of Crop Physiology, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Bushland, TX 79012. (w-payne@tamu.edu)

Frank B. Peairs, Professor of Entomology, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523. (frank.peairs@colostate.edu)

Gary A. Peterson, Professor and Head of Soil and Crop Sciences, Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1170. (gary.peterson@colostate.edu)

K. Ramamoorthy, Assistant Professor, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641 003, India

Paul E. Rasmussen, Soil Scientist (retired), USDA-ARS, Pendleton, OR

Dimas Vital Siqueira Resck, Soil Management Researcher, Embrapa Cerrados, BR 020, Km 18, Caixa Postal 08223, CEP 73310-970, Planaltina-DF, Brazil. (dvsresck@cpac.embrapa.br)

J. Brett Robinson, Soil Scientist, Natural Resource Sciences (SouthWest), Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Water, P.O. Box 318, Toowoomba QLD 4350, Australia

John Ryan, Soil Fertility Specialist, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), P.O. Box 5466, Aleppo, Syria. (j.ryan@cgiar.org)

Jaime Salinas-Garcia, Investigator, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Campo Experimental Río Bravo, Apartado Postal 172, Río Bravo, Tamaulipas, México 88900

John H. Sanders, Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907. (jsander1@purdue.edu)

Hans (J.B.) Schiere, Senior Consultant Farming Systems Development, La Ventana ASA&D, Bovenweg 30, 6721 HX, Bennekom, The Netherlands. (info@laventana.nl)

William F. Schillinger, Scientist, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University, Lind, WA 99341. (schillw@wsu.edu)

Alan J. Schlegel, Research Agronomist, Southwest Research-Extension Center, Kansas State University, Tribune, KS 67879. (schlegel@ksu.edu)

Barry Shapiro, Special Assistant to the Director General, ICRISAT, Patancheru, Hyderabad 503 324 India

José Eurípedes da Silva, Research Coordinator, SPD-Superintend?ncia de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento, Embrapa Sede, Parque Estação Biológica-PqEB (Final W3 Norte), CEP 70770-901, Brasília-DF, Brazil. (joesilva@sede.embrapa.br)

Maja (M.A.) Slingerland, Senior Research Officer, Sustainable Development and System Innovation Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Bobby A. Stewart, Director, Dryland Agriculture Institute, West Texas A&M University, WTAMU Box 60278, 2403 Russell Long Blvd., Canyon, TX 79016. (bstewart@mail.wtamu.edu)

J. Tom Steyn, ARC-Small Grain Institute, Private Bag X29, Bethlehem 9700, Republic of South Africa

Mekhlis Suleimenov, Assistant Regional Coordinator, ICARDA-Central Asia and the Caucasus, P.O. Box 4564, 700 000, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. (m.suleimenov@cgiar.org)

Stephen J. Twomlow, Systems Agronomist/Soil Scientist, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)-Zimbabwe, P.O. Box 776, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. (s.twomlow@cgiar.org)

Paul W. Unger, (Retired) USDA-ARS, Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, Bushland, TX 79012. (pwunger@cox.net)

Chris van Kessel, Professor, Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616-8515. (cvankessel@ucdavis.edu)

Herman Van Keulen, Professor, Plant Research International, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands. (herman.vankeulen@wur.nl)

Steve R. Walker, Principle Scientist, Weeds, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Toowoomba, QLD, 4350, Australia

Zhaohui Wang, Professor, Northwest Science and Technology University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, P.R. China

Anthony M. Whitbread, Farming Systems Scientist, CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems & APSRU, Queensland Biosciences Precinct, 306 Carmody Road, St. Lucia 4067, Brisbane, Australia. (Anthony.Whitbread@csiro.au)



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