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Book: Land Application of Agricultural, Industrial, and Municipal By-Products
Published by: Soil Science Society of America

 

 

This chapter in LAND APPLICATION OF AGRICULTURAL, INDUSTRIAL, AND MUNICIPAL BY-PRODUCTS

  1.  p. i-xix
    SSSA Book Series 6.
    Land Application of Agricultural, Industrial, and Municipal By-Products

    James F. Power and Warren A. Dick (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-867-4

    unlockOPEN ACCESS
     

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doi:10.2136/sssabookser6.frontmatter

Front Matter

Foreword

Environmental quality is one of the major issues and concerns worldwide. Of particular importance is the protection and sustainability of valuable soil and water resources. With increasing human populations, concentrated animal production areas, and expanding industries, safe disposal of by-product materials is becoming a greater challenge. Often, agricultural, industrial, and municipal byproducts are applied to land. While they can be beneficial to plants and soils, there can be negative impacts on soil, water, and air quality. For example, there is intense controversy as we enter the 21st century on the impacts of animal wastes on water quality and resulting effects on aquatic life and human health. Arguably, the application of by-product materials to land will be a leitmotif for decades to come.

This SSSA book provides a wealth of information by leading experts on land application of agricultural, industrial, and municipal by-products including characteristics of an array of by-product materials, benefits and hazards in applying by-products, and actual case studies. The book will be a contemporary and useful resource for professionals, students, and policymakers.

Donald L. Sparks, president

Soil Science Society of America

Preface

Increased concerns these last several decades about protecting the environment and moving toward a more sustainable culture have stimulated interest in recycling by-products from the agricultural, industrial, and municipal sectors of our society. Land application is a dominant method of recycling (or reuse) of many such by-products. Past experiences have demonstrated repeatedly and revealed acceptable and inappropriate ways for land application of by-products. Consequently in 1995, the Soil Science Society of America appointed an Organizing Committee to investigate the need and feasibility of publishing a comprehensive monograph on land application of agricultural, industrial, and municipal by-products. The Organizing Committee recommended that the SSSA Board of Directors proceed with the development and production of such a monograph, and an Editorial Committee was selected.

The Editorial Committee solicited authors for 26 chapters for this monograph. Later several chapters were combined or eliminated, resulting in 22 manuscripts remaining for publication. Authors were invited to present their chapters orally or by poster at a symposium on this subject at the 1997 Meeting of the Soil Science Society of America.

The chapters in this monograph address most of the major concerns associated with application of various types of by-products to land. The fundamental processes involved in recycling by-products through land application are discussed, providing the reader with a basic understanding of the science involved. Problems and potential benefits from land application are outlined. Finally, a number of case studies and examples of successful land application technologies and programs are presented. The chapters of this monograph are designed to provide readers with a comprehensive reference source on land application of by-product materials.

Information on best management practices, regulations, properties of by-products, etc., can rapidly change, and new information continually becomes available. The information contained in the different chapters was relatively current at the time the chapters were written.

The Editorial Committee thanks the SSSA Board of Directors and the Headquarters staff for their support and cooperation in preparing this monograph. Also thanks are due to the authors for their cooperative efforts in making this publication a reality.

James F. Power (deceased), co-editor

University of Nebraska Lincoln, Nebraska

Warren A. Dick, co-editor

Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center Ohio State University Wooster, Ohio

Contributors

Domy C. Adriano Professor of Environmental Soil Science, Savannah River Ecology Lab., University of Georgia, Aiken, SC 29803
V. C. Baligar Research Scientist, USDA-ARS-AFSRC, Beaver, WV 25813
Allen V. Barker Professor, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003
Nicholas T. Basta Associate Professor of Soil Chemistry, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078
Joel H. Beeghly Project Manager, Dravo Technology Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15225
Jerry M. Bigham Professor of Soil Science, School of Natural Resources, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210
S. Brown Assistant Professor, Ecosystem Sciences Division, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195
Miguel L. Cabrera Agroecologist, Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7272
R. L. Chaney Research Agronomist, USDA-ARS, Environmental Chemistry Lab., Bldg. 007, BARC-W, Beltsville, MD 20705
R. B. Clark Research Scientist, USDA-ARS-AFSRC, Beaver, WV 25813
Leslie R. Cooperband Assistant Professor, Waste Management Specialist, Department of Soil Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706
Warren A. Dick Professor of Soil Science, School of Natural Resources, Ohio State University, Wooster, OH 44691
S. Dudka Postdoctoral Associate, Deartment of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7272
J. H. Edwards Soil Scientist, USDA-ARS, National Soil Dynamics Lab., Auburn, AL 36832-5806
Moustafa A. Elrashidi Soil Scientist, CREC, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL 33850-2299
Ralph J. Haefner Hydrologist, U.S. Geological Survey, Columbus, OH 43229
Yueli Hao Soil Scientist, School of Natural Resources, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210
Harry A. J. Hoitink Professor of Plant Pathology, OARDC/Ohio State University, Wooster, OH 44691-4096
Wen-Yuan Huang Agricultural Economist, Economic Research Service, Washington, DC 20036-5831
Richard M. Kashmanian Senior Economist, USEPA, Office of Policy, Washington, DC 20460
Harold M. Keener Associate Professor, Department of Food, Agricultural, and Biological Engineering, OARDC/Ohio State University, Wooster, OH 44691-4096
Daniel Kluchinski Associate Professor/County Agricultural Agent, Rutgers Cooperative Extension, Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey, Trenton, NJ 08648-4584
R. F. Korcak Associate Area Director, USDA-ARS, Beltsville Area, Beltsville, MD 20705
Yao-Chi Lu Senior Economist, USDA-ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705
Laura L. McConnell Research Chemist, Environmental Chemistry Lab., USDA-ARS, Bldg. 007, Rm. 225, BARC-W, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350
Richard C. Meininger Executive Director (Retired), National Aggregates Assoc, Columbia, MD 21044
Deanne Meyer Livestock Waste Management Specialist, One Shields Ave., Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616
Robert L. Mikkelsen Associate Professor, Department of Soil Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7619
D. M. Miller Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701
W. P. Miller Professor, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7272
Patricia D. Millner Research Microbiologist, Soil Microbial Systems Lab., USDA-ARS, Bldg. 001, Rm. 140, BARC-W, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350
Charles C. Mitchell Extension Agronomist-Soils and Professor, Department of Agronomy and Soils, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849
Tara A. O'Brien Earth Sciences Teacher, Hampshire Regional High School, Westhampton, MA; mailing address is Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01002
David B. Parker Assistant Professor, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, TX 79016-0001
Gary M. Pierzynski Professor of Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Department of Agronomy, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506-5501
Jack E. Rechcigl Professor of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Florida, Ona, FL 33865s
Tom L. Richard Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011
K. D. Ritchey Research Scientist, USDA-ARS-AFSRC, Beaver, WV 25813
William F. Ritter Professor of Bioresources, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bioresources Engineering Department, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19717
C. A. Robinson Assistant Professor, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, TX 79016-0001
Lawrence J. Schwankl Irrigation Specialist, University of California, LAWR-Veihmeyer Hall, One Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616
Lawrence J. Sikora Research Microbiologist, Soil Microbial Systems Lab., USDA-ARS, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, MD 20705
J. Thomas Sims Professor of Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19717
Arun V. Someshwar Principal Research Engineer, NCASI, Gainesville, FL 32614-1020
Richard Stehouwer Assistant Professor of Soil Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16801
B. A. Stewart Director, Dryland Agriculture Institute, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, TX 79016
Margie L. Stratton Postdoctorate, University of Florida, Ona, Florida; mailing address is Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003
Dan M. Sullivan Extension and Research Soil Scientist, Department of Soil Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331
M. E. Sumner Regents Professor, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7272
Eric D. Vance Project Leader, National Council for Air and Stream Improvement, Inc., P.O. Box 13318, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-3318
John M. Walker Physical Scientist, USEPA, Office of Wastewater Management, Washington, DC 20460
W. E. Wolfe Professor of Civil Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210
Peter A. Yost Research Analyst, National Association of Home Builders-Research Center, Upper Marlboro, MD 20772

 

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