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Crop, Forage and Turfgrass Management Abstract - Forage & Grazinglands

Associations among U.S. Locations for Orchardgrass Production

 

This article in CFTM

  1. Vol. 3 No. 1
     
    Received: Feb 14, 2017
    Accepted: June 06, 2017
    Published: August 17, 2017


    * Corresponding author(s): joseph.robins@ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2134/cftm2017.02.0012
  1. Joseph G. Robins *a,
  2. Ray F. Smithb,
  3. Marvin H. Hallc,
  4. Chris D. Teutschd and
  5. Daniel J. Undersandere
  1. a USDA Forage and Range Research, Utah State Univ., Logan, UT 84322
    b Univ. of Kentucky, Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Lexington, KY 40546
    c Dep. of Plant Science, Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA 16802
    d Dep. of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blackstone, VA 23824 (Current address, Univ. of Kentucky Research & Education Center, Princeton, KY 42445)
    e Dep. of Agronomy, Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706
Core Ideas:
  • Orchardgrass exhibits strong genotype × environment interaction across U.S. production area.
  • There is limited association between US orchardgrass production areas.
  • The choice of best orchardgrass cultivar should be based on local production conditions.

Abstract

Thirteen orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) cultivars were evaluated across 4 years at five US field locations in Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Utah, Virginia, and Wisconsin. The objective was to determine the relationship among the five locations for orchardgrass agronomic performance. Cultivar × environment interaction was identified for dry matter (DM) yield, stand percentage, maturity rating, disease rating, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. Significant concordance values were moderate to high (τ = 0.46 to 0.84) among the locations, with the exception of Wisconsin, which showed little association with the other locations. These rankings indicated that there was little association among the locations for orchardgrass performance. This was further illustrated by the mean values of the cultivars for each trait. In only a few cases was a cultivar among the highest ranking for a trait at more than one location. Notable exceptions were the generally high DM yield of the cultivars Benchmark Plus and Persist and the high disease resistance of the cultivars Barlegro, Excellate SA, and Harvestar. The results illustrate that orchardgrass cultivar adaptation is region specific within this subset of U.S. production areas.

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