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This article in CM

  1. Vol. 5 No. 1
     
    Published: Mar, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): susana@iastate.edu
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doi:10.1094/CM-2006-0309-01-RS

Improving Corn Grain Purity by Using Color-Sorting Technology

  1. A. Susana Goggi *a,
  2. Kamal M. Adamb,
  3. Higinio Sanchezc and
  4. Mark Westgated
  1. a Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, 166 Seed Science Center, Ames 50011
    b Iowa State University, 155 Seed Science Center, Ames 50011
    c Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, 166 Seed Science Center, Ames 50011; and
    d Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, 1577 Agronomy Hall, Ames 50011

Abstract

Color sorting is often used to remove unwanted off-colored contaminants. The objectives of this study were to determine the usefulness of color sorting in removing adventitious corn from a seed lot and to evaluate the impact of contaminant color on efficacy. Seed lots of two contrasting colors were used in the experiments: yellow corn in a white lot and purple corn in a yellow lot. Samples were collected from three experimental sites: two white corn seed production fields surrounding a yellow pollen source, and a yellow corn seed production field surrounding a purple popcorn pollen source. Collected samples were color sorted in three successive passes. Outcross levels in the original nonsorted samples ranged from 0.10 to 38.55% in the yellow and white samples and from 0.61 to 45.78% in the purple and yellow samples. Color sorting reduced the percentage of outcross of yellow and purple kernels in the sample. The percentage of yellow seeds in white-seeded corn was reduced to 6.22% in samples collected at 3 ft and 0.01% at 820 ft from the source. The percentage of blue seeds in yellow-seeded corn samples was reduced to 0.58 at 0 ft and 0% at 270 ft from the source. These results indicate that color sorting is very effective at removing outcross seeds.

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