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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 10 No. 4, p. 354-357
     
    Received: Nov 13, 1969
    Published: July, 1970


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1970.0011183X001000040011x

Hybrids of Trifolium pratense × Trifolium pallidum1

  1. K. C. Armstrong and
  2. R. W. Cleveland2

Abstract

Abstract

Triploid hybrids, 2n=22, were produced from crosses of autotetraploid Trifolium pratense L., 2n=28, × diploid T. pallidum Waldst. & Kit., 2n=16. We obtained 194 hybrids from 2,575 hand-pollinated florets. Many hybrids were vigorous, flowered profusely, and were intermediate to the parent Species in morphology. Chromosomal homology of the parental genomes was slight. At metaphase I the hybrids averaged 7.32 I, 6.34 II, 0.54 III and a very low frequency of multivalents containing more than three chromosomes. The hybrids were male- and female-sterile. A hypo-autotriploid plant of T. pratense>, 2n=20, was fertile and averaged 1.90 I, 2.89 II, and 4.08 III in microsporocytes at metaphase I.

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