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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 10 No. 5, p. 584-586
     
    Received: Mar 26, 1970


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1970.0011183X001000050041x

Diallel Analyses of Potato Leafhopper Injury to Alfalfa1

  1. W. R. Kehr,
  2. R. L. Ogden and
  3. S. D. Kindler2

Abstract

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to obtain intormation on the genetic basis of leafhopper yellowing due to Empoasca fabae (Harris), and the interrelationships of yellowing with other characters in diallel crosses among six clones of alfalfa, Medicago sativa L., which differed in yellowing. Clones, S1 progeny, and diallel crosses, including reciprocals, were evaluated at two dates in the field. General combining ability effects were more important than specific combining ability effects for leafhopper yellowing, nymphs/gram of dry matter, and protein content in crosses. Reciprocal effects were non-significant sources of variation. Amount of leafhopper yellowing was positively correlated with nymphs/gram of dry matter, but negatively correlated with protein, carotene, and fiber contents. Visually scoring breeding materials for leafhopper yellowing at one date per year is adequate for making progress, provided sufficient nymphs are present to give differential scores on materials of known performance.

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