F1 Hybrids Versus Random F5 Line Performance and Estimates of Genetic Effects in Spring Wheat1
- R. H. Busch,
- K. A. Lucken and
- R. C. Frohberg2
Three hard red spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crosses which had exhibited significant heterosis in a previous study were analyzed genetically by Hayman's generation mean analysis. Approximately 90 random F3- derived F5 lines were used as an agronomic comparison with the F1 hybrid generation and to determine if the genetic analysis based on parental, F1, F2, F3, F4, and backcross selfed generation means were of use in determining the possible results of selection.
Results of the genetic analysis indicated that selection of individual plants should be effective for plant height and heading date. Less value was realized from the analysis of the three crosses for yield.
F5 lines which performed significantly better than the F1 hybrid were found in each cross. One F1 hybrid failed to exceed the yield of its high parent, but both of the other hybrids were heterotic. F0 lines, derived from the best-yielding F5 lines, and their respective parental F5 lines performed similarly when grown in the same experiments.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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