Third Phase in the Yield Evaluation of Synthetic Varieties of Maize1
- Arnel R. Hallauer2
Nine synthetic maize (Zea mays L.) varieties, 36 variety crosses, and four single-cross hybrids were evaluated for yield at eight Corn Belt locations in six states. This is the third phase of a program for sequentially evaluating the yield potential of synthetic varieties developed as improved sources of breeding material. ‘Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic #2’ ✕ ‘Pa. Intermediate Synthetic’ and ‘Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic #2’ ✕ Iowa Long Ear Synthetic' were the high-yielding variety crosses. They approached the yield level for two of the single-cross hybrid checks. The stability parameters showed the regression coefficients to be siroilar, and the variety crosses had lower deviation mean squares. ‘Iowa Two-ear Synthetic’ was the highest-yielding variety per se, and Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic the lowest, which agrees with previous phases of testing. Iowa Synthetic #2 and ‘Tuxlan’ included exotic germplasm and yielded as well per se and in crosses as Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic. Midparent heterosis in the third phase was 14%.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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