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Crop Science Abstract -

Natural Selection in a Bulked Hybrid Population of Upland Cotton1


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 18 No. 5, p. 799-801
    Received: Feb 9, 1978

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  1. J. E. Quisenberry,
  2. Bruce Roark,
  3. J. D. Bilbro and
  4. L. L. Ray2



A bulked hybrid population of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was grown without artificial selection for 10 generations in a nonirrigated, semiarid nursery at Lubbock, Texas. In 1972 and 1976, seeds from all generations were grown in replicated tests to estimate the effects of natural selection on several traits in the population and to compare the responses of seed trait to the more vauable traits of lint yield and fiber quality. Traits measured were seeds/in, seeds/boll, seed size, lint yield, fiber length, strength, and micronaire. Data were evauated by anaysis of variance and regression techniques. Seeds/m, lint yield, and coarseness of the fiber increased while seed size and fiber strength decreased over the 10 generations. Significant differences were not detected for seeds/boll or fiber length. Bulk population breeding appeared to be a useful method for improving climatic adaptation of upland cotton in environments where moisture is limiting.

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