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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 18 No. 5, p. 853-857
     
    Received: Sept 19, 1977


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1978.0011183X001800050044x

Differential Responses of Guinea Grass Populations to Drought Stress1

  1. A. E. Klar,
  2. J. A. Usberti and
  3. D. W. Henderson2

Abstract

Abstract

A study of drought stress was carried out on three guinea grass (Panicum maximum Jacq.) populations having three different levels of genetic variability; the most variable reproduces sexually. Three preconditioning treatments were used. In the wet treatment, plants were watered daily; in the medium, when soil water potential (ψs) reached about —1.0 bar (18 drying cycles); and in the dry when ψs reached about — 15 (eight drying cycles). For all three populations, drought-preconditioned plants had significantly lower leaf water potentials (ψL) and relative water contents (RWC) than daily-watered plants when turgor pressure reached zero during a drying cycle. Additionally, ψL values for stomatal closure (threshold ψL) were lower for the dry and medium treatments than for the wet one. Adaptability to drought was measured in terms of stomatal closure and forage production under stress conditions. Populations with intermediate to high levels of genetic variability performed best in relation to drought adaptability and forage production. Threshold leaf water potential appeared to be useful in selecting new germplasms for drought resistance. The variable populations might therefore allow improvement of forage production by breeding under water stess conditions.

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