Inheritance of Seed Protein in Crosses Involving ‘Hand’: a Hard Red Winter Wheat1
- Craig R. Cowley and
- Darrell G. Wells2
‘Hand’ wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is high in protein, has excellent baking and dough handling properties, and is resistant to leaf rust (Puccinia recondita Rob. ex. Desm. f. sp. tritici) and stem rust (P. graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. and Henn.). The pedigree of Hand is uncertain. However, it possesses a single gene, SrTt1, for resistance to stem rust as determined by an F2 analysis of crosses with stem rust tester lines. A study was conducted of Hand to determine the inheritance of high seed protein.
Crosses were studied of Hand with ‘Centurk’ and an experimental line, TX62A2522-8-2, both low in protein, and of Hand with ‘WS18098’, a spring habit cultivar, and an experimental line, NE68513, both high in protein. Single plants of progeny rows of artificially vernalized seedlings of parents, F1, F2, F3 BCFI, and BCF2 were studied in the field. Hand differed from Centurk and TX62A2522-8-2 for protein level by one dominant gene for high protein which we have named PrHand. In NE68513*2/Hand, 21% of the BCF2 lines were higher in protein than NE68513 which derived recessive high protein from Atlas 66. Based upon dominance relations and transgressive segregation, we concluded that Hand and NE68513 have unlike genes for high percent seed protein.
Transgressive segregation was not detected in the reciprocal backcrosses involving WS1809 and Hand. However, three selected progeny rows from WS1809/2*Hand averaged 2.1 and 0.8 percentage points higher than the means of the respective parents. Although not significantly different, that may suggest a difference in genes or alleles for high protein. Selections higher in protein than Hand were most prevalent in crosses involving only high protein parents, providing additional evidence that different genes were involved.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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