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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 20 No. 4, p. 537-539
     
    Received: Nov 29, 1979


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1980.0011183X002000040030x

A Method for Rating Freezing Inhibitor Activity of Barley Genotypes Using Seed and Crown Tissue Mucilages1

  1. C. R. Olien and
  2. A. S. Kuhna2

Abstract

Abstract

An infrared assay is described for rating activity of cell wall mucilages as inhibitors of freezing kinetics. It requires 1% of the sample needed for the flow freeze assay previously used to rate mucilages extracted from wheat seed (Triticum aestivum L.). The reduction of sample size makes it feasible to assay polymers from crown tissue in genetic and plant breeding research. This is especially important for barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) because assay of seed extracts does not reliably indicate inhibitor activity in crown tissue for this species.

Mucilages from both seed and crown tissues of eight Ethiopian barleys, Introduced into the USDA World Collection as possible sources of genetic diversity, were compared with those from a commercial barley. The introductions did produce more mucilage in their seed than did the commercial barley but did not produce effective inhibitors of freezing kinetics in their crowns.

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