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Crop Science Abstract -

Organelle Genome Diversity in Sorghum: Male-Sterile Cytoplasms1


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 22 No. 2, p. 414-421
    Received: May 4, 1981

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  1. D. R. Pring,
  2. M. F. Conde and
  3. K. F. Schertz2



Seventeen sorghum [Sorghum, bicolor (L.) Moench] cytoplasms, 16 of which were male-sterile, were compared by restriction endonuclease fragment analysis of mitochondrial (mt) and chloroplast (ct) DNA in a survey of cytoplasmic variation in Sorghum spp. The widely used malesterile (milo) cytoplasm exhibited mt and ctDNAs which differed from normal, fertile (kafir) cytoplasm. Seven groups of male-sterile cytoplasms were differentiated by mtDNA restriction fragment differences, while only three were differentiated by ctDNA; thus a greater degree of variability of the mitochondrial genome is suggested. Strict maternal inheritance of mt and ctDNAs was demonstrated. Both organelle DNAs appear to share similar evolutionary relationships based on restriction fragment patterns. The potential utility of organelle DNA variation in the identification and differentiation of male sterility sources in sorghum is discussed.

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