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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 23 No. 2, p. 394-397
     
    Received: July 15, 1982


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1983.0011183X002300020052x

Nodule-Like Structres Induced on Peanut by Chlorosis Producing Strains of Rhizobium Classified as R. Japonicum1

  1. T. E. Devine,
  2. L. D. Kuykendall and
  3. B. H. Breithaupt2

Abstract

Abstract

Some strains of rhizobia produce a rhizobitoxine-induced foliar chlorosis on soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., and have a limited ability to nodulate the nodulation restrictive genotype (rj1). This study was undertaken to determine and compare the effect of chlorosisinducing or rj1-compatible strains and nonchlorosis-inducing strains on another legume, peanut (Arachis hypogaea L., cultivars ‘Starr’ and ‘Spancross’), in Leonard jar culture. Ten different rhizobial strains that induce chlorosis or nodulate rj1-plants, produced swellings at the nodulation sites on peanut roots. No rhizobial-induced chlorosis symptoms developed on either peanut cultivar. Control peanut plants inoculated with six different nonchlorosis-inducing strains of Rhizobium japonicum (Kirchner) Buchanan did not have swellings. The clustering of three distinctive characteristics, a) ability to nodule rj1 plants, b) the propensity to produce rhizobitoxine-induced chlorosis symptoms on soybean, and c) the ability to induce nodule-like swellings on peanut roots, in a common population of rhizobia suggests that these rhizobia may represent a taxonomically distinct group. These strains appear defective in their symbioses with both soybean and peanut, suggesting that they may have a symbiotic homology for a legume host other than either soybean or peanut.

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