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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 23 No. 4, p. 793-795
     
    Received: Nov 4, 1982


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1983.0011183X002300040046x

Histological Differences in Moisture-Stressed and Nonstressed Kleingrass Forage1

  1. W. D. Pitman,
  2. E. C. Holt,
  3. B. E. Conrad and
  4. E. C. Bashaw2

Abstract

Abstract

Leaf sections from 15-day old kleingrass (Panicum coloratum L.) plants grown under moisture stress, optimal moisture conditions, and an intermediate moisture level were examined by light microscopy. The proportion of cell volume of parenchyma bundle sheath cells occupied by the protoplast and vacuole was markedly less for plants grown at the lower moisture levels than for plants at the highest moisture level. Increased sclerenchyma tissue development and increased thickness of the metaxylem cell walls were noted with reductions in moisture. Selective staining also revealed increases in lignification with moisture stress. These histological observations indicate that an increased proportion of cell wall components and increased lignification of kleingrass plants grown under moisture stress could account for at least some of the reduced digestibility reported previously with moisture-stressed kleingrass forage.

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