Response of an F1 Interspecific Cotton Hybrid to Nitrogen Fertilization1
- Arturo Palomo and
- D. D. Davis2
Response of the high yielding interspecific cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. × G. barbadense L.) hybrid, ‘NX-1’, to four N fertilizer levels (0, 55, 110, and 220 kg ha-1) and 2 years (1979 and 1980) was evaluated. ‘Acala 1517–75’ and ‘McNair 220#x2019;, G. hirsutum L. cultivars, were also included as checks. Data recorded included blooming rate, earliness, lint yield, boll characteristics, and fiber properties. NX-1 was about 9 days earlier to first bloom, compared to the checks, and exhibited a higher blooming rate. NX-1 also showed the largest increases in floral production with the addition of N in 1980, but not in 1979. The flower production of NX-1 was increased by the addition of 55 kg of N ha-1, but not by additions beyond that level. NX-1 was the earliest genotype as measured by the number of days from planting to first bloom, production rate index, and lint yield at first harvest. A significant genotype ✕ N interaction for lint yield was detected. At zero N level, the lint yield of the hybrid was significantly lower than with added N. McNair 220 and Acala 1517–75 did not show a significant response to N. On the average, lint yield of the hybrid was 38 and 27% higher than for Acala 1517–75 and McNair 220, respectively. NX-1 had a smaller boll, fewer seed boll-1, lower lint percentage, and a higher seed index, compared to the checks. The hybrid showed a fiber fineness similar to that of Acala 1517–75, but its fiber was longer and stronger with a higher elongation. Boll characteristics and fiber properties were not significantly influenced by N rates.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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