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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 26 No. 1, p. 112-117
     
    Received: Oct 26, 1984


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1986.0011183X002600010027x

Photosynthetic Rate Control in Sorghum: Stomatal and Nonstomatal Factors

  1. D. R. Krieg and
  2. R. B. Hutmacher2

Abstract

Abstract

The purpose of this series of experiments was to determine the cause of photosynthetic rate responses to environmental effectors in one grain sorghumh ybrid [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench cv. ATX623 ✕ TX430]. Field experiments were conducted over a 4-year period (1980–1983) at two locations using a range irrigation levels, to provide different degrees of plant waters tress. One site had a fine loamy sand soil (fine loamy, mixed, thermic family of Aridic Paleustaifs) with the second site having a clay loam (fine mixed, thermic family of Torrertic Paleustolls). Gas exchange rates of individual leaves were monitored on both a diurnal and seasonal basis. The results indicated that the primary cause of the photosynthetic rate changes due to leaf age, water stress, and photon flux density effects was related to mesophyll problems rather than due to stomatal conductance limitations. Increasing leaf age and environmental stress affected the photosynthetic processes by reducing the CO2 saturated rate (Amax) and the assimilation rate at all intercellular CO2 concentrations evaluated. The assimilation rate per unit photon flux density was also reduced in water-stressed plants. Stomatal conductance responded to photosynthetic rate changes to maintain a relatively constant intercellular CO2 concentration at ambient CO2 levels. The primary control of photosynthetic carbon fixation in sorghum appears to be related to chloroplast activity rather than to CO2 supply due to stomatal conductance.

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