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Crop Science Abstract -

Stem Cutoff Enhances Selection for Improved Iron Efficiency of Soybean1

 

This article in CS

  1. Vol. 26 No. 4, p. 751-752
     
    Received: Nov 27, 1985


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1986.0011183X002600040025x
  1. T. E. Piper,
  2. W. R. Fehr and
  3. B. K. Voss2

Abstract

Abstract

Five cycles of recurrent selection for iron (Fe) efficiency resulted in a soybean [Glycine mar (L.) Merr.] population with a high percentage of segregates that showed little or no yellowing when grown on calcareous soil in the field. Further improvement for Fe efficiency in the population is not possible unless a method is available to enhance the expression of genetic variability. This study was conducted to evaluate stem cutoff as a method for enhancing the expression of genetic variability for Fe efficiency in a population with a high proportion of Fe-efficient segregates. The parents of Cycles 0 through 5 and 100 S0-derived lines from the Cycle 5 population of AP9 were grown on calcareous soil. At stage V3, when the second trifoliolate leaf was fully developed, the entries were scored for chlorosis (1 = no yellowing to 5 = severe yellowing); then the main stem was cut off above the unifoliolate node. The new leaves produced were evaluated for chlorosis 2 weeks after treatment. Stem cutoff significantly increased the chlorosis of the parents and S0-derived lines by an average score of 1.4. The rate of genetic improvement from Cycle 0 to Cycle 5 was the same before and after treatment, with an average decrease in chlorosis score of −0.16 per cycle before treatment and −0.15 per cycle after treatment. Genetic variability among the 100 random lines was significantly increased by stem cutoff. The genotypic variance component estimate was 0.02 ± 0.01 before treatment and 0.10 ± 0.02 after treatment. The results indicated that stem cutoff is an effective method of increasing chlorosis in a population with a high level of Fe efficiency, permitting selection for further improvement of the character.

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