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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 27 No. 5, p. 1046-1050
     
    Received: June 23, 1986


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1987.0011183X002700050044x

Photosynthetic Differences among Triticum Accessions at Tillering1

  1. R. C. Johnson,
  2. H. Kebede,
  3. D. W. Mornhinweg,
  4. B. F. Carver,
  5. A. Lane Rayburn and
  6. H. T. Nguyen2

Abstract

Abstract

Flag leaves of many diploid and tetraploid Tritlcum species are known to have higher photosynthesis rates than flag leaves of cultivated hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Yet these differences are reportedly absent or less pronounced on earlier developed leaves. Our objective was to study the relationship between photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and water-use efficiency (WUE) in various Triticum acessions at the tillering stage. Net CO2 assimilation per leaf area (A) and associated gas exchange characteristics were measured on newly expanded leaves of 6-week-old growth chamber-grown plants of four wild diploids, six wild tetraploids, and two cultivated hexaploids. Significant variation in A was observed with values ranging from 31.1 μmol CO2 m−2 s−1 in the diploid T. speltoldes to 20.7 in one accession of T. dicoccoides; A for the two hexaploid wheats averaged 22.6. This A range for leaves of plants at tillering is similar to that reported by others measuring A of tlag leaves. Because higher A was associated with higher stomatai conductance (r = 0.86**, significant at the 0.01 probability level), which led to higher transpiration, there was no significant correlation between A and WUE. There was no significant correlation between A and internal CO2 concentration (C1), so differences in A among accessions were not explained by differences in CO2 supply to the mesophyll. Two T. dicoccoides accessions found to differ in A and conductance at tillering also had different flag leaf A and conductance. Comparison of A vs. Ci response curves between these two accessions showed that the higher A was related to a higher capacity for mesophyll photosynthesis rather than stomatal conductance per se. The results show that the variation in A among accessions was to a significant extent attributable to nonstomatal factors and that differences in A among Triticum accessions are detectable at early vegetative growth stages.

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Copyright © 1987. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1987 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.