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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 28 No. 1, p. 59-60
     
    Received: Feb 5, 1987


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1988.0011183X002800010014x

Inheritance of Chlorimuron Ethyl Sensitivity in the Soybean Strains BSR 101 and M74-462

  1. G. J. Pomeranke and
  2. C. D. Nickell 
  1. Dep. of Agronomy, 1102 S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL 61801

Abstract

Abstract

Initial work with the sulfonylurea herbicide chiorimuron ethyl (ethyl 2-][[[(4-chloro-6*methoxypyrimidin-2-yl) amino] carbonyl] amino] sulfonyl] benzoate) indicated that certain soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] strains exhibited high levels of sensitivity to recommended field application rates. Knowledge of the mode of inheritance of chiorimuron ethyl sensitivity would allow for generation of cultivars toleranto chlorimuron ethyl. In addition, cross tolerance to other members of the suifonylureas has been observed and tolerance to chlorimuron ethyl may be expressed as tolerance to other sulfonylureas. Sensitive and tolerant strains of soybean were identified and two crosses of a tolerant strain ‘Elgin’ by the sensitive strains ‘BSR 101’ and M74-462 were evaluated in the F2 and F3 generations to determine the mode of inheritance of chlorimuron ethyl sensitivity. The F2 plants and F2-derived families in the F3 generation from each of the crosses were evaluated in the greenhouse using a hydroponic culture. Three days after transplanting seedlings into Hoagland's solution, chlorimnron ethyl was added giving a concentration of 2 mg a.i. L−1. Ten days after treatment, the plants were rated based upon reddening of the leaves. This evaluation indicated that chlorimuron ethyl sensitivity in both BSR 101 and M74-462 is conferred by a single recessive gene.

Research, partly supported by Illinois Soybean Program Operating Board, was from thesis by senior author in partial fulfillment of M.S. degree requirements at the Univ. of Illinois.

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