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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 28 No. 3, p. 568-570
     
    Received: Jan 30, 1987
    Published: May, 1988


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1988.0011183X002800030031x

Compatibility of Metalaxyl with Rhizobium Meliloti on Alfalfa Seed to Control Pythium Damping Off

  1. K. L. Edmisten ,
  2. D. D. Wolf and
  3. E. L. Stromberg
  1. Dep. of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA 24060

Abstract

Abstract

Metalaxyl [N-(2,6-dimethylphenyi)-N-(methoxyacetyl)-alanine methyl ester], an acylalanine fungicide, has been reported to be effective in controlling fungi in the order Peronosporales. Metalaxyl shows promise for control of Phytophthora root rot (Phytophthora megasperma Drechs.) and damping-off (Pythium spp.) in seedling alfalfa (Medicago satlva L.) if seed treatment does not interfere with the N2-fixing bacterium (Rhizobium meliloti Dangeard). Spring nofill plantings often are made earlier where fall-applied herbicide is used to suppress sod. Plantings made in cooler weather are more susceptible to seed- and soil-borne diseases. Compatibility of this fungicide with R. meliloti when used as a seed treatment was determined using the most-probable-number technique, by measuring seedling growth, total seedling crude protein, and N2 fixation as estimated by acetylene reduction. Metalaxyl had no detrimental effect on viability or N2-fixing capability of R. melilotl at recommended rates of application. Under growth chamber conditions, metalaxyl increased seedling survival by 45 to 60% over nontreated P. ultimum Trow infested controls.

Contribution from the Agronomy Dep., Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ.

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