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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 30 No. 1, p. 138-143
     
    Received: Mar 16, 1989
    Published: Jan, 1990


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1990.0011183X003000010031x

Role of Heat Girdling in Early Seedling Death of Sorghum

  1. John M. Peacock ,
  2. William B. Miller,
  3. Kaoru Matsuda and
  4. David L. Robinson
  1. Int. Crops Res. Inst. for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru P.O., Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract

Abstract

High soil temperatures (>45 °C) can inhibit the field establishment of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.) seedlings in the semi-arid tropics even when adequate soil moisture is present. The objective of this study was to demonstrate an apparatus for simulating this situation under controlled conditions. The apparatus applies a high temperature localized near the leaf intercalary meristem while maintaining an adequately moist root environment. With this technique, we tested the hypothesis that seedling death may be due to a heat-girdling, leading to restricted translocation of carbohydrates to the root. Exposure of 10-d-old sorghum seedlings to heatgirdling temperatures of 52 ± 2 °C caused complete cessation of leaf elongation. At the same time, shoot carbohydrate concentrations increased while root carbohydrates declined, indicating that phloem transport from the shoot to the root may have been blocked or restricted. During the first 173 h of stress, turgor of both expanded leaves and leaf growing regions (basal 1 cm of leaf tissue) increased, indicating a favorable water balance in the seedlings. After 198 h of heat-girdling, seedlings died. The apparatus we developed should prove useful for the large scale screening of seedlings for resistance to high soil surface temperatures.

Submitted as ICRISAT Journal Article no. 924 and Arizona Agric. Exp. Stn. Journal Series no.7084.

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Copyright © 1990. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1990 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.