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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 30 No. 5, p. 1015-1016
     
    Received: Aug 14, 1989
    Published: Sept, 1990


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1990.0011183X003000050012x

Cytogenetics and Reproductive Behavior of 48-Chromosome Pearl Millet ✕ Pennisetum squamulatum Derivatives

  1. Michel Dujardin and
  2. W. W. Hanna 
  1. D ep. of Agronomy
    U SDA-ARS and Dep. of Agronomy, Univ. of Georgia Coastal Plain Exp. Stn., Tifton, GA 31793

Abstract

Abstract

Pennisetum squamulatum Fresen is a perennial, hexaploid (2n = 6x = 54) species belonging to the tertiary gene pool of cultivated pearl millet [P. glaucum (L.) R. Br.]. Pennisetum squamulatum is a source of genes controlling apomixis, and useful genetic variability can be released in hybrids between sexual pearl millet and apomictic species. New genome combinations were produced between tetraploid pearl millet (2n = 4x = 28) and P. squamulatum by pollinating a sexual interspecific F1 hybrid (2n = 41) with an apomictic 56-chromosome derivative from another F1 interspecific hybrid (2n = 41). Fifteen hybrids with 2n = 47 or 48 chromosomes resulted from the crosses. All were perennial and morphologically similar to or taller than their parents, showed irregular metaphase I chromosome behavior, and were partially male and female fertile. Nine plants reproduced sexually, two by facultative apomixis, and four by obligate apomixis. This cross allowed the increase of the pearl millet genome in the new hybrids while introducing apomictic reproduction into several genotypes.

STudy supported in part by the U.S. Dep. of Energy Contract No. DE-AS09-76-EV00637 and Competitive Grant No. 81-CRCR-1-1002.

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Copyright © 1990. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1990 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.