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Crop Science Abstract -

Vernalization of Embryogenic Callus from Immature Embryos of Winter Wheat


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 32 No. 1, p. 78-80
    Received: Feb 13, 1991

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. Ernest D. P. Whelan  and
  2. G. B. Schaalje
  1. Agric. Canada Res. Stn., Box 3000, Main, Lethbridge, AB T1J 4B1, Lethbridge Res. Stn.



Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), or somaclones obtained from tissue culture require vernalization to induce flowering. The objective of this study was to compare the vernalization requirements of planted seeds of ‘Norstar’ winter wheat with those of embryogenic callus obtained from immature Norstar embryos. Seeds required 8 wk at 6 °C (12-h photoperiod) for vernalization, after which heading occurred ≈42 d later when grown at 20 °C with an 18-h photoperiod. Vernalization of embryogenic callus required 8 to 12 wk at 6 °C. Plantlets obtained from embryogenic callus flowered 8 to 9 wk after transplanting to soil, without further vernalization. These procedures eliminate the need for low-temperature growth cabinets with supplementary lighting, thus reducing the cost of producing large numbers of regenerants.

Contribution no. 3879062.

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