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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 32 No. 4, p. 1062-1064
     
    Received: Aug 15, 1991


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1992.0011183X003200040046x

Section for Low Ear Moisture in Corn, Using a Hand-Held Meter

  1. Jeffrey T. Freppon,
  2. Steven K. St. Martin ,
  3. Richard C. Pratt and
  4. Paul R. Henderlong
  1. Dep. of Agronomy, 2021 Coffey Rd., Ohio Agric. Res. and Development Ctr., The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH 43210

Abstract

Abstract

A rapid, effective method for identifying inbred lines of corn (Zea mays L.) that produce hybrids with a low grain-moisture content at harvest would be helpful to corn breeders. We evaluated use of a hand-held moisture meter to select for low ear-moisture content in a set of St plants that had similar pollination dates. A set of 30 lines, derived from plants classified as low-, medium-, and high-moisture 30 d after pollination, was identified. The lines were evaluated for moisture content in a randomized complete-block experiment. Testcrosses of the lines to two testers were evaluated for yield and harvest moisture at five locations in 1 yr. The moisture meter produced estimates of moisture content that correlated well in 2 yr (r2 = 0.85 and 0.82) with estimates obtained by the oven method. Lines derived from ears selected for low moisture with the meter had lower moisture at harvest than lines from high-moisture ears. Hybrids of low-moisture lines were lower in harvest moisture than hybrids of high-moisture lines but were similar in grain yield. The moisture meter should enable corn breeders to select for low harvest moisture in segregating populations.

Salaries and research support provided by state and federal funds appropriated to the Ohio Agric. Res. and Development Ctr., The Ohio State Univ. Journal Article no. 79-91.

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