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Crop Science Abstract -

Development of Sulfonylurea-Resistant Rapeseed Using Chemical Mutagenesis


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 32 No. 6, p. 1387-1391
    Received: Dec 2, 1991

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. Kole A. Tonnemaker,
  2. Dick L. Auld,
  3. Donald C. Thill,
  4. Carol A. Mallory-Smith  and
  5. Donna A. Erickson
  1. 9 098 Dodson Rd., So., Royal City, WA
    D ep. of Agronomy, Texas Tech. Univ., Lubbock, TX 79409-2122



Residual levels of sulfonylurea (SU) herbicides in the soil have limited rapeseed (Brassica napus L. var. napus) production in the Pacific Northwest. In a greenhouse screening procedure, the test herbicide suppressed the growth of susceptible rapeseed plants but allowed normal growth of resistant plants. Mutant (M2) populations of ‘Cascade’, ‘Bridger’, and ‘Cathy’ winter rapeseed, ‘R-500’ spring rapeseed (B. rapa L. subsp. rapa), and ‘Tilney’ spring mustard (Sinapis alba L.; syn F. hirta Moench.) were screened with DPX-G8311, a 5:1 mixture of the SU herbicides chlorsulfuron (2-chloro-N-[[(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]carbonyl]benzenesulfonamide) and metsulfuron {(methyl l-[[[[(4-methoxy-6-methyl-l,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoate)}, applied preemergence at 7.5 g a.i. ha−1. Approximately 243 000 M2 seedlings were screened and 178 were selected for additional tests. In progeny tests, several M3 and M4 families were identified that survived 6.5 g a.i. ha−1 DPX-G8311 applied preemergence but failed to survive the same rate of DPX-G8311 applied postemergence. DPX-G8311 was applied preemergence at 0 to 64 g a.i. ha−1, to one M3 and six M4 families to determine a dose × family response relationship. Calculated 50% growth reduction (GR50) values for both number of nodes produced and dry weight accumulation were up to 25 times greater for the selected M3 and M4 families than for the susceptible cultivar Cascade. Rapeseed lines resistant to soil residual levels of SU herbicides but susceptible to SU herbicide foliar applied would allow rapeseed to be planted after a small-grain cereal to which a SU herbicide had been applied.

Contribution of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stn. as Paper no. 9175.

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