Inheritance of Stem Canker Resistance in Soybean Cultivars Crockett and Dowling
- Glenn R. Bowers ,
- Kadima Ngeleka and
- Olin Smith
Stem Canker caused by Diaporthe phaseolorum (Cooke & Ellis) Sacc. var. caulivora K. L. Athow & R. M. Caldwell (Dpc) has become a serious disease of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] throughout the southeastern USA. Sources of resistance have been identified and information on the inheritance of resistance is needed for each source. The objective of this work was to study the inheritance of resistance to stem canker in ‘Crockett’ and ‘Dowling’ soybean. Crockett, Dowling, and ‘Tracy-M’ were crossed with each other and with two susceptible cultivars, Coker 338 and Johnston. Disease reactions of parent and progeny populations were studied in the greenhouse following artificial (toothpick) incoculation with a southern isolate of Dpc. Crosses between either Dowling or Crockett and the two susceptible parents resulted in segregating F2 populations that fit a 3 resistant : 1 susceptible ratio, and F2:3 families that fit a 1 resistant : 2 segregating : 1 susceptible ratio. The cross between Crockett and Dowling resulted in a 15:1 ratio in the F2 and a 7:8:1 ratio in the F3 generation. Crosses between Tracy-M and Crockett or Dowling resulted in segregation ratios of 63:1 in the F2 and 37:26:1 and F3. These results suggest that Crockett and Dowling each have a major dominant gene, and that these two genes are different from RdC1 and RdC2 found in Tracy-M. The gene symbols Rdc3 and Rdc4 are proposed to identify genes controlling resistance to stem canker in Crockett and Dowling, respectively.
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