Leaf Rust-Resistance Genes Lr41, Lr42, and Lr43 Transferred from Triticum tauschii to Common Wheat
- T. S. Cox ,
- W. J. Raupp and
- B. S. Gill
In order to diversify the genetic base of resistance in hard red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to leaf rust (caused by Puccinia recondita Rob. ex Desm.), five genes for resistance were transferred from the diploid goatgrass T. tauschii (Coss.) Schmal. to hexaploid wheat lines. One of the derived lines, KS90WGRC10, had a very low infection type when inoculated with 23 cultures of P. recondita. The others, KS91WGRC11, KS92WGRC16, U1865, and U1866, had low to intermediate infection types with three cultures. Their infection types varied similarly to those of lines carrying previously transferred alleles of Lr21. WGRC10 carries a completely dominant gene, Lr41, on chromosome 1D that segregates independently of any other T. tauschii-derived leaf rust-resistance genes. WGRC11 carries the partially dominant gene, Lr42, also on 1D, that is linked to Lr21 with a recombination value of 0.286 ± 0.023. WGRC16 carries a partially dominant gene, Lr43, that segregates independently of all known genes for seedling resistance from T. tauschii; its chromosome location is not known. The genes carried by U1865 and U1866 are allelic to Lr21. WGRC10, WGRC11, and WGRC16 have been released as germplasms by the Wheat Genetics Resource Center.
Copyright © 1994.