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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 34 No. 2, p. 347-351
     
    Received: Sept 24, 1992


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1994.0011183X003400020007x

Comparative Stability of 40 Indeterminate and Semideterminate Soybean Lines

  1. G. R. Ablett ,
  2. R. I. Buzzell,
  3. W. D. Beversdorf and
  4. O. B. Allen
  1. R idgetown College of Agric. Technol., Ridgetown, ON, Canada, NOP 2C0
    A gric. Canada, Res. Stn., Harrow, ON NOR 1G0

Abstract

Abstract

Indeterminate, semideterminate, and determinate soybean [Glycine max CL.) Merr.] cultivars differ primarily in the timing of cessation of main stem growth. This timing affects mature plant height, lodging resistance, and the length of the flowering and reproductive periods. In the northern soybean production areas of North America, indeterminate (Dt1 Dt1 Dt2 Dt2) cultivars predominate, although several studies have shown that agronomic performance of soybean lines with a semideterminate (Dt1 Dt1 Dt2 Dt2) stem type is similar. A previous comparison of a few indeterminate and semideterminate lines tested across eight Illinois environments provided evidence that the semideterminate might have less yield stability than the indeterminate plant type. The general scarcity of commercially available semideterminate cultivars may be the result of this potential yield instability. This study utilized a large number of genotypes to further evaluate the relative stability of the semideterminate in comparison with the indeterminate stem type. From two crosses, 20 pairs of F3-derived sister lines (Maturity Group I-II) differing for stem termination were evaluated across nine environments for yield and plant height. Genotype × environment variance components were significant and of similar magnitude for semideterminate and indeterminate lines, indicating that progress from selection should be similar for each. Stability analysis identified eight indeterminate and nine semideterminate lines as stable for yield. Ten semideterminate, but only six indeterminate lines, had significant deviations from regression for plant height. Overall, the results indicate that stability should not be a barrier to breeding progress for the semideter-minate plant type in areas where Maturity Groups I and II soybean are grown.

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Copyright © 1994. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1994 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.