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Crop Science Abstract -

Gamete Selection for Simultaneous Improvement of Multiple Traits in Common Bean


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 34 No. 2, p. 352-355
    Received: June 1, 1993

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. Shree P. Singh 
  1. Bean Program, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), A. A. 6713, Cali, Colombia



A successful crop improvement program depends upon the ability of breeders and geneticists to effectively and efficiently create, identify, and select recombinant genotypes with a maximum number of desirable traits in the shortest time possible. Therefore, alternative methods of gene recombination and selection need to be studied. My objective is to describe a method of gamete selection for simultaneous improvement of multiple traits in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Gametes election is based on the premise that (i) multiple-parent crosses are required for simultaneous improvement of multiple traits; (ii) the male parents of the final crosses are heterozygous and hence heterogametic;( iii) each zygotic seed is a product of a separate, independent fertilization event; (iv) further chromosomal and genic recombination is limited to genetic material contained within each initial zygote; and (v) early generation (i.e., F1, F2, F3, and F4) testing and selection are an essential part of the methodology. Thus, eventually, plant-to-plant pairwise pollination is done between the elite female and beterogametic male parents (selected a priori for desirable dominant and codominant alleles), followed by harvesting and sowing resultant hybrid seeds from each hybridization event in separate plots to obtain F1-derived families. These are subsequently evaluated in separate, replicated complementary nurseries for seed yield and other agronomic traits, including reactions to diseases and insects, low soil fertility, and/or drought. This permits identifying promising populations and families within populations possessing genes for multiple desirable traits in early generations for further evaluation, selection, and development of improved cultivars.

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Copyright © 1994. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1994 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.