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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 34 No. 4, p. 1089-1096
     
    Received: May 3, 1993


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1994.0011183X003400040047x

Screening Tropical Maize Populations to Obtain Semiexotic Forage Hybrids

  1. Lluís Bosch ,
  2. Francesc Casañas,
  3. Alfred Ferret,
  4. Esther Sánchez and
  5. Fernando Nuez
  1. Escola Superior d'Agricultura, Urgell 187, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Facultat de Veterinaria, UAB, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
    Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos, Camino de Vera 14, 46022 Valencia, Spain

Abstract

Abstract

In mild Mediterranean irrigated zones, it is possible to grow late forage maize hybrids (900–1000 United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization [FAO]). These late hybrids should give higher yields than available commercial hybrids (700–800 FAO). This study was conducted to (i) assess whether semiexotic (adapted × tropical) materials would be a viable source of high-yielding late forage hybrids, (ii) determine the most suitable exotic populations for a breeding program, (iii) evaluate the most important production-and/or quality-related traits for selection. Testcrosses of 44 tropical populations by B73 and Mol7 adapted inbreds were evaluated. Field trials, which included three sets of top crosses, were carried out in Northeast Spain. The hybrids B73 × Mo17 (700 FAO) and ‘Pioneer 3183’ (800 FAO) were used as common checks. Twenty-seven semiexotics yielded more total digestible dry matter than did B73 × Mo17, and seven semiexotics outyielded Pioneer 3183. Higher stover yields, good ear production, and similar stover digestibility are responsible for these results. The B73 testcrosses performed better than Mol7 testcrosses for total digestible dry matter, mainly because of better ear yield. The best-performing semiexotics included Tuxpeño and Cateto germplasm. Correlations and multiple regression analysis showed that total digestible dry matter depends mainly on ear yield, to a lesser extent on stover production, and little on stover digestibility. The low genetic variability among populations for stover digestibility is probably responsible for the low influence on total digestible dry matter. Increases in stover digestibility should be possible without reducing biomass production because production traits and stover digestibility were not correlated.

CICYT Project AGR89-0373.

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Copyright © 1994. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1994 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.