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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 34 No. 5, p. 1400-1403
     
    Received: July 22, 1993


    * Corresponding author(s): ag230-0000nccc0t2.agr.ca
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1994.0011183X003400050047x

Maize Growth and Yield Following Late Summer Hail

  1. L. M. Dwyer ,
  2. D. W. Stewart,
  3. L. Evenson and
  4. B. L. Ma
  1. Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research, Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0C6

Abstract

Abstract

Leaf damage caused by hail may severely restrict photosynthate production, but estimation of yield loss is hindered by lack of an unaffected control for comparison . A field study was modified in 1990 at Ottawa, Canada, to determine the effect of maize growth stage at the time of hail damage on harvest parameters. Hand-harvested above-ground dry matter, grain yield, grain moisture, and harvest index were compared among nine hybrids with maturities ranging from 2350 to 2800 corn heat units (CHU)and planting dates of April, 16 May, and 29 May. A severe hail storm occurred 28 August when some hybrid maturity × planting date treatments were at the milk stage and others were at full dent. A method of analysis was developed using above-ground dry matter accumulation at tasselling as a pre-hail indicator of yield potential to calculate the reduction in harvest dry matter and grain yield resulting from the hail storm. The reduction in harvest dry matter and in grain yield was linearly related to the CHU required to reach physiological maturity at the time of the hail storm (P < 0.10). Late-maturity hybrids were most affected by the hail storm and contributed most to these segressions (P = 0.01 and P = 0.02 for harvest dry matter and grain yield, respectively). Harvest index was not affected by the hail storm (P > 0.10).

CLBRR Contribution no. 92-69.

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Copyright © 1994. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1994 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.