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Crop Science Abstract -

Genotypic Differences in Nitrate Uptake and Nitrogen Utilization for Spring Wheat Grown Hydroponically


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 35 No. 4, p. 1056-1062
    Received: Jan 1, 1994

    * Corresponding author(s): tomas.lundborg@vf.slu.se
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  1. P. Oscarson,
  2. T. Lundborg ,
  3. M. Larsson and
  4. C.-M. Larsson
  1. D ep. of Botany, Univ. of Stockholm, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    S wedish Radiation Protection Inst., S-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden



The physiological background for variation in grain protein content of cnitivars of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is still unclear. This study was performed to investigate whether differences in nitrate uptake and nitrogen utilization could explain the observed differences. Four cultivars of spring wheat were grown hydroponically to maturity. Growth was controlled by daily additions of growth-limiting amounts of nitrate at preset and step-wise decreased relative rates. The plants showed a relevant ontogeny when compared to field-grown plants. The kinetics of net nitrate uptake were measured regularly from 16 to 102 d of culturing. The maximal net nitrate uptake rate of the plant, i.e., Vmax, increased until anthesis, and subsequently decreased. There were no major changes in the affinity for nitrate, i.e., Km during the development. When uptake capacity was put in relation to the need of the plant in order to maintain growth rate and tissue-nitrogen concentration, it was clear that the plants had a substantial overcapacity for net nitrate uptake at all times. There were no major genotypic differences in either Vmax or Km. Frequent sampling of plants made it possible to calculate the remobidization of nitrogen from vegetative tissues to the grains, and these data could be used to discuss further differences in grain protein yield.

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Copyright © 1995. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1995 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.