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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 36 No. 1, p. 33-40
    Received: Feb 12, 1994

    * Corresponding author(s): oabdalla@alphac.cimmyt.mx
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Relationships among International Testing Sites of Spring Durum Wheat

  1. Osman S. Abdalla ,
  2. José Crossa,
  3. Enrique Autrique and
  4. Ian H. DeLacy
  1. CIMMYT, Apdo. Postal 6-641, 06600 Mexico, D.F., Mexico
    Dep. of Agriculture, The Univ. of Queensland, QLD. 4072 Australia



Knowledge of the relationships among international test sites is valuable information for effective targeting of germplasm exchange. Five years of grain yield data from the Elite Durum Yield Trial (EDYT), consisting of 132 trials from 32 locations in 22 countries, were studied. Pattern analysis, the combination of ordination and cluster analysis, was used to identify groupings of international test sites that represent similar selection environments and compare location association with the mega-environment designations of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) breeding program. Two main environmental groups and six subgroups were identified for durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum). The major determinants of the groupings were latitude and moisture supply. Biotic and abiotic stresses influenced further delineation of the clusters. Discrepancies between mega-environment designation and pattern analysis results warrant further investigations of the underlying causes. The relationships among test sites documented in this study should provide a framework for effectively targeting germplasm and information exchange between comparable programs.

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