Evaluation of Lines Derived from Wild Emmer Chromosome Substitutions: II. Agronomic Traits
- E. M. Elias ,
- D. K. Steiger and
- R. G. Cantrell
Improving yield and other agronomic traits in durum wheat(Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) depends on adequate genetic diversity. Genetic diversity in durum wheat is limited. An accession of wild emmer (Triticum turgidum L. var. dicoccoides) with high protein concentration was used to develop a complete set of ‘Langdon’ (T. dicoccoides) [LDN(DIC)] substitution lines. This study was conducted evaluate the potential of using these substitution lines as parents for deriving lines with acceptable agronomic traits. Each of the 14 substitution lines and Langdon were crossed to a common male parent, ‘Vic’. Parents, F2:4, and F2:5 lines were grown in replicated trials at two locations in North Dakota in 1989 and 1991, respectively. Days to heading, plant height, grain yield, and kernel weight were measured. Population means and genetic variances were compared to those of the Langdon/Vic population to identify substitution lines that conferred favorable agronomic characteristics to derived lines. Heritabilities were estimated based on parent-offspring regression and variance components. All substitution populations except these with LDN(DIC) 4B and 5B were earlier in heading date than the Langdon/Vic population. Langdon dicoccoides substitution populations 1A, 2A, 4A, 6A, 7A, 1B, 4B, 5B, and 6B were significantly shorter than the Langdon/Vic population. Langdon dicoccoides substitution population 4B had higher yield than the Langdon/Vic population. Langdon dicoccoides substitution populations 2A, 3A, and 5B had a mean kernel weight greater than the Langdon/Vic population. Our data suggests that there is a possibility of deriving lines with high grain yield and good agronomic traits from LDN(DIC) 4B.
Copyright © . .