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Crop Science Abstract -

Effect of Unique Cytoplasms in Reciprocal Crosses of Soybean


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 36 No. 5, p. 1196-1206
    Received: Dec 12, 1994

    * Corresponding author(s): rlmiller@cc.usu.edu
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  1. Rhonda L. Miller ,
  2. Richard M. Shibles,
  3. Earl G. Hammond and
  4. Detroy E. Green
  1. UMC 2300, Utah State Univ., Logan, UT 84322-2300
    Dept. of Agronomy, Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011
    200B Dairy Industry, Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011



Cytoplasmic inheritance studies concerning agronomic characters and seed quality traits have often produced contradictory results. The use of parental lines with similar cytoplasms may explain the seeming discrepancies, since differences among the cytoplasms were not identified in previous studies. Differences among cytoplasms have been identified in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] by means of chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) terns. This study was conducted to determine if cytoplasmic effects exist in soybean. Ten soybean lines representing five cpDNA cytoplasmic groups were crossed to ‘Harosoy 63’ and ‘Clark 63’ to produce 40 F1 and reciprocal F1 populations. Ten Harosoy 63 F1 and reciprocal F1 populations were advanced to the F2 generation for evaluation in the following year. The parents, crosses, and reciprocal crosses were evaluated for the following agronomic characters: developmental stages, height, leaflet characteristics, and seed size. The population means and variances of each reciprocal cross were examined. Reciprocal cross means were significantly different for agronomic characters in only 8% of the crosses. Reciprocal crosses rarely differed with respect to the variances. Protein, oil, fatty acid, and amino acid composition were examined in composite samples of seed for each line. Significant differences were observed for only a few reciprocal crosses. Protein and oil concentration each differed in only one reciprocal cross. Oleate and linoleate concentration differed the most often, accounting for eight of the 10 significant reciprocal cross differences observed for fatty acid types in the F1 and F2 generations. Reciprocal cross differences involving the aliphatic amino acids were observed in four of the five cytoplasmic groups, but were not consistent with the cpDNA RFLP. groupings. Consistent cytoplasmic effects, based on cpDNA RFLP groupings, were not observed for any of the traits examined. The significant differences that were observed may have been due to nuclear × cytoplasmic interactions, short-lived maternal effects, or Type I error.

Journal Paper no. 15914 of the Iowa Agric. and Home Econ. Exp. Stn. Project 2764. Research partly supported by the Iowa Soybean Promotion Board.

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