Inheritance of Homozygous Somaclonal Variation in Rice
- Q. J. Xie,
- M. C. Rush and
- S. D. Linscombe
Homozygous mutations are common phenomena in rice (Oryza sativa L.) somaclones. Previous reports indicated that inheritance of the variants from these mutations were stable only in the homozygous condition resulting from selfing. To better understand the inheritance of homozygous somaclonal variation in rice, five variants, two from the U.S. long-grain cultivar Labelle (short and light tawny apiculus) and three from the U.S. long-grain cultivar Lemont (tall, purple apiculi, and dwarf), were used in this study. Reciprocal crosses between the original cultivars and the somaclones with mutations were made in 1987 and the F1 plants were grown in the greenhouse to produce seeds. The F2 populations and F3 families were grown in the field at the Louisianna State University Rice Research Station in Crowley, LA, during 1988 to 1990 and evaluated for segregation of the variants. The light tawny apiculus character was controlled by a single recessive gene. The purple apiculus character was controlled by a dominant gene. The tall character was controlled by two complementary dominant genes. No disappearance of these three characteristics in the segregating generation was observed. The dwarf character was controlled by one or two recessive genes, which were not stable in the heterozygous condition due to gene conversion. The short character was controlled by quantitative genes, but the single mode distributions observed in the F2 populations may be another case of aberrant segregation. Stability of useful homozygous somaclonal variation in rice should be determined prior to its use in breeding programs.
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