Origin of Soybean Alleles for Phytophthora Resistance in China
- D. G. Lohnes ,
- C. D. Nickell and
- A. F. Schmitthenner
Since Phytophthora sojae Kauf. & Gerde. is constantly evolving new races that overcome the resistance genes that have been deployed in soybean cultivars [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], the search for new sources of resistance is important in breeding programs involving disease management strategies. No systematic screening of the germplasm collection has been made that would give us an indication of the prevalence and distribution of phytophthora resistance in China. The objective of this study was to examine the distribution of Phytophthora resistant soybean in central China. By means of hypocotyl inoculation in the greenhouse, lines from central China were classified for their reaction to Races 1, 3, 7, and 25 of P. sojae in 1993 and 1994 at Urbana, IL, and Wooster, OH. Resistance was more frequent in the eastern provinces with the origin of Rps1-d in central China. Any searches for new P. sojae resistance genes in soybean should be focused on the Chinese provinces (Anhui and Jiangsu) with the highest incidence of resistant soybean lines.
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