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Crop Science Abstract -

Resistance to Hessian Fly Conditioned by Genes H19 and Proposed Gene H27 of Durum Wheat Line PI422297


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 37 No. 1, p. 113-115
    Received: Oct 24, 1995

    * Corresponding author(s): hohm@dept.agry.purdue.edu
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  1. H. W. Ohm ,
  2. R. H. Ratcliffe,
  3. F. L. Patterson and
  4. S. E. Cambron
  1. Dep. of Agronomy
    USDA, ARS and Dep. of Entomology
    Dep. of Entomology; Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN 47907



The durum wheat (Triticum turgidum Desf.) line PI422297 has been reported to carry two genes that condition resistance to Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say) biotype L, gene HI9 and an unnamed gene that is closely associated with gene H16. It is useful to identify the effects of genes that confer host resistance in parental source lines for wheat improvement. Our objectives were to determine the effectiveness of HI9 to biotype L at several temperatures, and to determine the effectiveness of the second gene of PI422297 that is closely associated with gene HI6. In the present study, gene H19 was transferred from P1422297 to susceptible durum wheat line D6647 to separate H19 from other genes and to compare it with the other resistance gene in PI422297. Durum wheat lines homozygous for HI9 were developed by identifying segregating backcross F2 families and pedigree selection. In the F5 generation, lines homozygoufso for H19 were identified from testcrosses involving durum wheat line IN80164 (H16H16). Nearly all seedlings of the homozygous H19 lines were resistant at 19°C, only 42 to 66% were resistant at 23°C, and none were resistant at 26°C. All, 89%, and 15% of PI422297 seedlings were resistant at 19, 23, and 26°C, respectively. All seedlings of line IN80164 (H16H16) were resistant at 19 and 23°C and 84 % were resistant at 26°C. Thus, the second gene in PI422297 is not HI6, and it is tentatively designated as H27.

Contribution from the Purdue Univ. Agric. Res. Programs, West Lafayette, IN 47907, and USDA,ARS as Purdue Agric. Res. Prog. Journal Series no. 14847. The research was supported in part by Public Varieties of Indiana.

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