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Crop Science Abstract -

Grain Yield and Breadmaking Quality of Wheat Lines with the Leaf Rust Resistance Gene Lr41


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 37 No. 1, p. 154-161
    Received: Jan 30, 1996

    * Corresponding author(s): icrisat@cgnet.com
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  1. T. S. Cox ,
  2. R. K. Bequette,
  3. R. L. Bowden and
  4. R. G. Sears
  1. ICRISAT, Patancheru 502324, Andhra Pradesh, India
    Dep. of Agronomy
    Dep. of Plant Pathology, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS, 66506
    R.K.B. Consulting, Derby, KS, 67037



Some of the many disease-resistance genes transferred into common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by interspecific hybridization have been underutilized in agriculture because of associated negative effects on productivity and end-use quality. The Lr41 gene conferring resistance to leaf rust (caused by Puccinia recondita Rob. ex Desm.) was transferred from the wild diploid goatgrass [Triticum tauschii (Coss.) Schmal], the chromosomes of which recombine readily with those of common wheat (Fritz et al., 1995a). Thus its chromosomesr ecombine readily with those of wheat. This study had three objectives: (i) determine the direct and linked effects of Lr41 on 15 productivity and quality traits in hard red winter wheat under disease-free conditions; (ii) to determine the effects of resistance conferred by Lr41 under a severe leaf rust epidemic and under a light infection; and (iii) to determine the amount of damage inflicted by diseases other than leaf rust in those environments. Six BC2F2-derived common wheat lines with Lr41, along with their recurrent parents (hard red winter wheat cultivars TAM 107, TAM 200, and Century), were evaluated in three field experiments with and without fungicide treatment in 1992 and 1994. Lr41 increased grain yield and milling quality under heavy leaf rust infection with no negative effects on those traits in disease-free plots. However, Lr41 was associated with reduced bake-mixing time and water absorption in the absence of disease. Effects of other diseases depended heavily upon the genetic backgrounds (i.e., recurrent parents) of backcross lines. There should be no serious impediments to the use of Lr41 in breeding programs.

Contribution no. 96-315-J from the Kansas Agric. Exp. Stn.

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