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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 37 No. 4, p. 1242-1246
     
    Received: Sept 30, 1996


    * Corresponding author(s): j-harper@uiuc.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1997.0011183X003700040035x

Hypernodulation of Soybean, Mung Bean, and Hyacinth Bean Is Controlled by a Common Shoot Signal

  1. J. E. Harper ,
  2. K. A. Corrigan,
  3. A. C. Barbera and
  4. M. H. Abd-Alla
  1. U SDA-ARS, Plant Physiol. and Genetics Res. Unit, 1201 W. Gregory, Urbana, IL 61801;
    C rop Science Dep., Univ. of Illinois, 1101 S. Goodwin, Urbana, IL 61801
    I nstituto di Agronomia, Universita degli Studi di Catania, via Valdisavoia, 5-95123 Catania, Italy
    D ept of Botany, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, 71516, Egypt

Abstract

Abstract

Identification of commonality of nodulation control among legumes will facilitate progress in improving symbiotic N2 fixation in agricultural systems. Interspecies grafts between soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr] and mung bean (Vigna radiata L.), or soybean and hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus L.), were made to evaluate whether a common translocatable signal controls expression of hypernodulation among legume species. Grafting of a ‘NOD1-3’ (hypernodulating soybean) shoot to roots of mung bean or hyacinth bean resulted in hypernodulation, a 4.1-fold increase in nodule number for mung bean, and a 2.7- to 5.5-fold increase (depending on bacterial strain) in nodule number for hyacinth bean, relative to self-grafted mung bean or hyacinth bean, respectively. ‘Williams 82’ shoots doubled nodule number when grafted to mung bean roots, but had no effect on nodulation when grafted to hyacinth bean roots. Symbiotic Nz fixation (as measured by nitrogen accumulation in the plant) by nodulated mung bean roots was enhanced by 67% when grafted to Williams 82 and by 78% when grafted to NOD1-3 soybean shoots, compared with self-grafted mung bean plants. Grafting soybean shoots to hyacinth bean roots positively affected symbiotic N2 fixation (9–40% depending on bacterial strain), but the magnitude was less than observed when mung bean roots were grafted to soybean shoots. It was concluded that control of hypernodulation expression by a shoot-transmissible factor is common among soybean, mung bean, and hyacinth bean. Seed were obtained from reciprocal grafts between soybean and mung bean to test for bacterial specificity for infection and nodule development. Seedling progeny from the reciprocal mung bean-soybean grafts were not altered in terms of bacterial specificity for nodulatiou.

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