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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 37 No. 5, p. 1636-1640
    Received: May 9, 1996

    * Corresponding author(s): G.Rebetzke@pi.csiro.au
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Genotypic Variation for Fatty Acid Content in Selected Glycine max × Glycine Soja Populations

  1. G. J. Rebetzke ,
  2. V. R. Pantalone,
  3. J. W. Burton,
  4. T. E. Carter Jr. and
  5. R. F. Wilson
  1. P lant Science Cooperative Research Center, Box 1600 Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
    D ep. of Crop Science, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC 27695



Modifications in the fatty acid composition of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] oil may extend its utility to industrial markets currently serviced by other vegetable-, mineral-, or fossil-based oils. However, extension into new markets depends on the development of soybean oils with increased concentrations of saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated fatty acids. Three wild soybean (G. soja Siebold & Zucc.) accessions possessing unique fatty acid profiles were intercrossed with the reduced saturate and polyunsaturate fatty acid germplasm, N87-2122-4, to produce widely segregating populations. Random F2 and F2:3 families from each population were grown, and seed fatty acid contents of individuals within families were analyzed. Genotypic differences for oil quality were significant among populations and families within populations. Individual families produced >140 and 175 g kg−1 palmitic and total saturated fatty acid contents, respectively. No family produced greater oleic acid content than N87-2122-4. Some families produced >640 g kg−1 linoleic acid and total polyunsaturates exceeding 720 g kg−1, while selected individuals produced >750 g kg−1 total polyunsaturates in both the F2:3 parental and F2:4 progeny generations. High narrow-sense heritability estimates for palmitic (h2 = 0.67 to 0.98) and linoleic (h2 = 0.44 to 0.80) acid contents suggested that individual F2 plants can be selected for either trait. However, the smaller heritabilities for oleic (h2 = 0.36 to 0.66) and linolenic (h2 = 0.10 to 0.47) acid contents necessitate selection based on family means. Analyzing these selected wild soybean crosses has demonstrated G. soja may be a useful source of genes to extend genotypic variation for linoleic and total polyunsaturated fatty acid contents. Genes for greater saturate content in PI 424031 may extend variation currently available in mutant soybean germplasm. However, it appears unlikely that G. soja would be useful for increasing oleic acid content above levels in existing soybean mutants.

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